Is the presence or absence of tumour necrosis a significant predictor of survival in renal cell cancer?

Qayyum, T., McArdle, P.A., Going, J.J., Orange, C., Seywright, M., Aitchison, M.A. and Edwards, J. (2012) Is the presence or absence of tumour necrosis a significant predictor of survival in renal cell cancer? Urologia Internationalis, 88(1), pp. 79-83. (doi: 10.1159/000332430)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000332430

Abstract

<b>OBJECTIVE:</b> Currently when renal cancer pathology is assessed the presence or absence of necrosis is simply reported. It has been suggested that a presence or absence response ignores heterogeneity and a classification based on the extent of necrosis involvement would aid prognostic value in cancer-specific survival. The aim of this study was to determine whether a quantitative assessment of tumour necrosis would provide additional prognostic information.<p></p> <b>METHODS:</b> We studied the pathological features and cancer-specific survival of 47 patients with renal cancer undergoing surgery with curative intent. A quantitative assessment of tumour necrosis was compared to the presence or absence of necrosis.<p></p> <b>RESULTS:</b> Tumour necrosis was present in 27 of 47 cases. A simple assessment of the presence or absence was not associated with cancer-specific survival (p = 0.052). When assessed quantitatively, tumour necrosis was associated with decreased cancer-specific survival (p < 0.001). A 2-tiered assessment, <25% and >25% involvement of necrosis, was further utilised and shown to predict cancer-specific survival (p < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, using this 2-tiered assessment of <25% and >25% involvement of necrosis was retained as a significant independent factor for cancer-specific survival (HR 11.84, 95% CI 3.81-36.75, p < 0.001).<p></p> <b>CONCLUSION:</b> A simple assessment of the presence/absence of tumour necrosis is reported to be a prognostic factor in renal cell cancer. In this study, the presence/absence was not shown to be a significant prognostic marker of cancer-specific survival. However, a more accurate quantitative assessment of tumour necrosis, whereby a 2-tiered response is still utilised, but basing this on <25% and >25% involvement of necrosis was statistically significant and independent in predicting cancer-specific survival.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Aitchison, Mr Michael and Orange, Miss Clare and Edwards, Professor Joanne and Qayyum, Dr Tahir and Going, Dr James
Authors: Qayyum, T., McArdle, P.A., Going, J.J., Orange, C., Seywright, M., Aitchison, M.A., and Edwards, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Urologia Internationalis
ISSN:0042-1138
ISSN (Online):1423-0399

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record