Enlighten
Research publications by members of the University of Glasgow
home > services > Enlighten

Cardiovascular disease and air pollution in Scotland: no association or insufficient data and study design?

Willocks, L., Bhaskar, A., Ramsay, C., Lee, D., Brewster, D., Fischbacher, C., Chalmers, J., Morris, G., and Scott, E.M. (2012) Cardiovascular disease and air pollution in Scotland: no association or insufficient data and study design? BMC Public Health, 12 . p. 227. ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-227)

[img]
Preview
Text
61676.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

442Kb

Abstract

Background: Coronary heart disease and stroke are leading causes of mortality and ill health in Scotland, and clear associations have been found in previous studies between air pollution and cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to use routinely available data to examine whether there is any evidence of an association between short-term exposure to particulate matter (measured as PM10, particles less than 10 micrograms per cubic metre) and hospital admissions due to cardiovascular disease, in the two largest cities in Scotland during the years 2000 to 2006.

Methods: The study utilised an ecological time series design, and the analysis was based on overdispersed Poisson log-linear models.

Results: No consistent associations were found between PM10 concentrations and cardiovascular hospital admissions in either of the cities studied, as all of the estimated relative risks were close to one, and all but one of the associated 95% confidence intervals contained the null risk of one.

Conclusions: This study suggests that in small cities, where air quality is relatively good, then either PM10 concentrations have no effect on cardiovascular ill health, or that the routinely available data and the corresponding study design are not sufficient to detect an association.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Scott, Prof E and Lee, Dr Duncan and Morris, Mr George and Bhaskar, Ms Abita
Authors: Willocks, L., Bhaskar, A., Ramsay, C., Lee, D., Brewster, D., Fischbacher, C., Chalmers, J., Morris, G., and Scott, E.M.
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Social Scientists working in Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine > Nursing and Health Care
College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics
Journal Name:BMC Public Health
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2458
ISSN (Online):1471-2458
Published Online:22 March 2012
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2012 The Authors
First Published:First published in BMC Public Health 12:227
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics