Identification of stiffness tensor components of wood cell walls by means of nanoindentation

Jäger, A., Hofstetter, K., Buksnowitz, C., Gindl-Altmutter, W. and Konnerth, J. (2011) Identification of stiffness tensor components of wood cell walls by means of nanoindentation. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 42(12), pp. 2101-2109. (doi:10.1016/j.compositesa.2011.09.020)

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Abstract

A new procedure to characterize the full set of elastic constants of wood cell walls was developed. For the first time, not only the longitudinal modulus, but also the transverse- and the shear modulus were determined in one experimental setup at micron scale. For this purpose, nanoindentation experiments were performed at variable angles between the indentation direction and the direction of cellulose microfibrils in wood cell walls. Using an approach based on anisotropic indentation theory a relationship between the indentation moduli obtained experimentally and the elastic material constants of the cell wall was derived. Using an error minimization procedure, the values of the elastic material constants were finally calculated. As typically observed for natural materials, our experimental results are characterized by high variability. Particularly the elastic modulus in longitudinal cell direction is highly sensitive to small changes in the local orientation of cellulose microfibrils. Nonetheless, reasonable estimates of 26.3 GPa for the longitudinal elastic modulus of the secondary wood cell wall S2, 4.5 GPa for the transverse modulus, and – for the first time – a value of 4.8 GPa for the shear modulus of wood cell wall material were obtained.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:De Borst, Dr Karin
Authors: Jäger, A., Hofstetter, K., Buksnowitz, C., Gindl-Altmutter, W., and Konnerth, J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1359-835X
ISSN (Online):1878-5840
Published Online:23 September 2011

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