Stamp, G., Fantl, V., Poulsom, R., Jamieson, S., Smith, R., Peters, G., and Dickson, C. (1992) Nonuniform expression of a mouse mammary tumour virus-driven int-2/fgf-3 transgene in pregnancy-responsive breast tumours. Cell Growth and Differentiation, 3(12), pp. 929-938.
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Publisher's URL: http://cgd.aacrjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/3/12/929
We have developed transgenic mice in which expression of the mouse int-2/Fgf-3 gene is regulated by a single long terminal repeat from mouse mammary tumor virus. Such mice contain and transmit a replica of the activated int-2/Fgf-3 allele present in a spontaneous mammary tumor from a BR6 mouse. Although free of infectious mouse mammary tumor virus and with a different genetic background, the transgenic mice develop pregnancy-responsive mammary epithelial proliferations that are similar to the early stages of tumorigenesis in the BR6 strain. Histological examination revealed that most of these tumors showed pronounced tubular and acinar structures, features usually associated with morphological differentiation. In some cases, the tumors were locally invasive, causing disruption of the dermis which manifested itself as local hair loss. In situ hybridization showed that patterns of transgene expression in the abnormal glands were markedly nonuniform. In contrast, mouse mammary tumor virus-induced neoplasms showed more uniform expression of int-2/Fgf-3, as did the urogenital epithelial proliferations that occur among males of this transgenic line. These data suggest that mammary tumors in virally infected animals may depend primarily on autocrine stimulation by the int-2/Fgf-3 gene product, whereas both autocrine and paracrine mechanisms may contribute to tumors and hyperplasias found in transgenic animals.
|Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:||Jamieson, Dr Susan|
|Authors:||Stamp, G., Fantl, V., Poulsom, R., Jamieson, S., Smith, R., Peters, G., and Dickson, C.|
|College/School:||College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine > Clinical Specialities|
|Journal Name:||Cell Growth and Differentiation|