Periodontitis in non-smoking type 1 diabetic adults: a cross-sectional study

Hodge, P., Robertson, D., Paterson, K., Smith, G.L.F., Creanor, S. and Sherriff, A. (2012) Periodontitis in non-smoking type 1 diabetic adults: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 39(1), pp. 20-29. (doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2011.01791.x)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051X.2011.01791.x

Abstract

<p>Aim: To compare levels of periodontitis in non-smoking type 1 diabetic patients and controls.</p> <p>Material and Methods: Type 1 diabetic patients, aged 20–55 years, were recruited from outpatient clinics at five hospitals in Glasgow, UK. Control subjects were recruited from physiotherapy clinics, using the buddy system and through an advertisement in a free newspaper. The primary outcome was severe periodontitis defined by clinical attachment level ≥6 mm on ≥1 tooth.</p> <p>Results: There were 34 well controlled patients (HbA1c ≤ 7.5%), 169 poorly controlled patients and 112 non-diabetic subjects. Prevalence of severe periodontitis was higher in all type 1 diabetic patients [24.1% (95% CI: 18.4–30.6%)] and poorly controlled patients [27.2% (20.7–34.6%)] than in controls [20.5% (13.5–29.2%)]. The fully adjusted odds ratios (ORs) in never smokers comparing the whole diabetic group, and the poorly controlled group, with the control group were 1.35 [0.66–2.8] (p = 0.41) and 1.58 [0.75–3.33] (p = 0.23), respectively. Mean clinical attachment level was higher in all type 1 diabetic and poorly controlled patients than in controls (both p < 0.001).</p> <p>Conclusions: These results indicate worse periodontal health in type 1 diabetic patients than in control subjects.</p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hodge, Dr Penny and Robertson, Mr Douglas and Sherriff, Dr Andrea and Smith, Dr Gillian
Authors: Hodge, P., Robertson, D., Paterson, K., Smith, G.L.F., Creanor, S., and Sherriff, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Journal of Clinical Periodontology
ISSN:0303-6979
ISSN (Online):1600-051X
Published Online:31 October 2011

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