P boutons in lamina IX of the rodent spinal cord express high levels of glutamic acid decarboxylase-65 and originate from cells in deep medial dorsal horn

Hughes, D.I. et al. (2005) P boutons in lamina IX of the rodent spinal cord express high levels of glutamic acid decarboxylase-65 and originate from cells in deep medial dorsal horn. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102(25), pp. 9038-9043. (doi:10.1073/pnas.0503646102)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0503646102

Abstract

Presynaptic inhibition of primary muscle spindle (group Ia) afferent terminals in motor nuclei of the spinal cord plays an important role in regulating motor output and is produced by a population of GABAergic axon terminals known as P boutons. Despite extensive investigation, the cells that mediate this control have not yet been identified. In this work, we use immunocytochemistry with confocal microscopy and EM to demonstrate that P boutons can be distinguished from other GABAergic terminals in the ventral horn of rat and mouse spinal cord by their high level of the glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) 65 isoform of GAD. By carrying out retrograde labeling from lamina IX in mice that express green fluorescent protein under the control of the GAD65 promoter, we provide evidence that the cells of origin of the P boutons are located in the medial part of laminae V and VI. Our results suggest that P boutons represent the major output of these cells within the ventral horn and are consistent with the view that presynaptic inhibition of proprioceptive afferents is mediated by specific populations of interneurons. They also provide a means of identifying P boutons that will be important in studies of the organization of presynaptic control of Ia afferents.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hughes, Dr David I and Todd, Professor Andrew and Maxwell, Professor David and Riddell, Dr John
Authors: Hughes, D.I., Mackie, M., Nagy, G.G., Riddell, J.S., Maxwell, D.J., Szabo, G., Erdélyi, F., Veress, G., Szűcs, P., Antal, M., and Todd, A.J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
ISSN:0027-8424
ISSN (Online):1091-6490
Published Online:09 June 2005

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record