Structure and dimerization of translation initiation factor aIF5B in solution

Rasmussen, L.C.V., Oliveira, C.L.P., Byron, O. , Jensen, J.M., Pedersen, J.S., Sperling-Petersen, H.U. and Mortensen, K.K. (2011) Structure and dimerization of translation initiation factor aIF5B in solution. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 416(1-2), pp. 140-145. (doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.11.012)

Rasmussen, L.C.V., Oliveira, C.L.P., Byron, O. , Jensen, J.M., Pedersen, J.S., Sperling-Petersen, H.U. and Mortensen, K.K. (2011) Structure and dimerization of translation initiation factor aIF5B in solution. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 416(1-2), pp. 140-145. (doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.11.012)

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Abstract

Translation initiation factor 5B (IF5B) is required for initiation of protein synthesis. The solution structure of archaeal IF5B (aIF5B) was analysed by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) and was indicated to be in both monomeric and dimeric form. Sedimentation equilibrium (SE) analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC) of aIF5B indicated that aIF5B forms irreversible dimers in solution but only to a maximum of 5.0-6.8% dimer. Sedimentation velocity (SV) AUC at higher speed also indicated the presence of two species, and the sedimentation coefficients s(20,w)(0) determined to be 3.64 and 5.51 +/- 0.29 S for monomer and dimer, respectively. The atomic resolution (crystallographic) structure of aIF5B (Roll-Mecak et al. [6]) was used to model monomer and dimer, and theoretical sedimentation coefficients for these models were computed (3.89 and 5.63 S. respectively) in good agreement with the sedimentation coefficients obtained from SV analysis. Thus, the structure of aIF5B in solution must be very similar to the atomic resolution structure of aIF5B. SAXS data were acquired in the same buffer with the addition of 2% glycerol to inhibit dimerization, and the resultant monomeric aIF5B in solution did indeed adopt a structure very similar to the one reported earlier for the protein in crystalline form. The p(r) function indicated an elongated conformation supported by a radius of gyration of 37.5 +/- 0.2 angstrom and a maximum dimension of similar to 130 angstrom. The effects of glycerol on the formation of dimers are discussed. This new model of aIF5B in solution shows that there are universal structural differences between aIF5B and the homologous protein IF2 from Escherichia coil.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Byron, Professor Olwyn
Authors: Rasmussen, L.C.V., Oliveira, C.L.P., Byron, O., Jensen, J.M., Pedersen, J.S., Sperling-Petersen, H.U., and Mortensen, K.K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Journal Name:Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
ISSN:0006-291X
Published Online:11 November 2011

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