Johnston, S.F. (1998) Refractometer. In: Bud, R. and Warner, D.J. (eds.) Instruments of Science: A Historical Encyclopedia. Series: Garland reference library of social science (936). Garland: New York, USA, pp. 521-523. ISBN 9780815315612

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The history of the refractometer, an optical instrument designed to measure the refraction of light through liquid, solid or gaseous samples, is described. The principal commercial application was the measurement of sugar content of water and the refractive index of optical glasses.

Item Type:Book Sections (Encyclopaedia entry)
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Johnston, Professor Sean
Authors: Johnston, S.F.
Subjects:D History General and Old World > D History (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Interdisciplinary Studies

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