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The species distribution of nervous system antigens that react with anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein antibodies

O'Shannessy, D.J., Willison, H.J., Inuzuka, T., Dobersen, M.J., and Quarles, R.H. (1985) The species distribution of nervous system antigens that react with anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein antibodies. Journal of Neuroimmunology, 9 (5). pp. 255-268. ISSN 0165-5728 (doi:10.1016/S0165-5728(85)80024-2)

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Abstract

The reactivity of monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies directed against human central nervous system (CNS) myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) was investigated in a number of animal species. The antibodies included mouse monoclonal antibodies obtained by immunization with human MAG; HNK-1, a mouse monoclonal antibody raised against a human lymphoblastoma and used to identify a subset of lymphocytes with natural killer function; human IgM paraproteins associated with neuropathy; and polyclonal antibodies obtained from rabbits immunized with rat or human MAG. Following polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of CNS and peripheral nervous system (PNS) tissue from human, bovine, cat, rabbit, guinea pig, rat, mouse, frog, gold fish and chicken, proteins were electrophoretically transferred onto nitrocellulose. The immune-staining of electroblots showed distinct interspecies variation in the reactivity of the antibodies with MAG. In addition, the species distribution of several low molecular weight glycoproteins present in PNS tissue that cross-react with anti-MAG antibodies was determined. These low molecular weight antigens are not present in CNS homogenates or in purified human CNS myelin. It was also shown that IgM from a patient with peripheral neuropathy and paraproteinemia associated with anti-MAG antibodies recognized these low molecular weight antigens. The results suggest that IgM paraproteins, HNK-1 and some mouse monoclonal antibodies react with carbohydrate determinants shared by MAG and several lower molecular weight glycoproteins present only in human, bovine, cat and chicken PNS. Rabbit polyclonal anti-rat MAG antisera and mouse monoclonal antibodies reacting with peptide epitopes of MAG are much more specific for detecting MAG than antibodies reacting with carbohydrate epitopes of human MAG. The results are discussed in relation to human demyelinating peripheral neuropathy associated with IgM paraproteinemia.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s):Willison, Prof Hugh
Authors: O'Shannessy, D.J., Willison, H.J., Inuzuka, T., Dobersen, M.J., and Quarles, R.H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Neuroimmunology
ISSN:0165-5728
Published Online:3 June 2005

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