Plant cell walls: supramolecular assembly, signalling and stress

Jarvis, M.C. (2009) Plant cell walls: supramolecular assembly, signalling and stress. Structural Chemistry, 20(2), pp. 245-253.

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Publisher's URL:


The structure of the primary cell wall in non-graminaceous plants is briefly reviewed and its role in providing mechanical strength to the plant and protecting it from microbial infection are described. A variety of signalling mechanisms involve oligosaccharides released by glycanase enzymes from microbial pathogens, and some of the mechanisms may be implicated in the regulation of metabolism in ripening fruits. There is some evidence that cell walls are able to sense damage or loss of integrity and that signals can accordingly be passed back to the cytoplasm. Primary cell walls must combine the mechanical and other functions with the capacity to grow in a controlled way. A modification of the ‘Molecular Velcro’ model developed originally to describe deformation of wood is used to predict load-deformation curves like those described by the Lockhart equation for the relationship between turgor stress and growth. Predicting a stress threshold for growth does not require the assumption of enzyme activity, although in fact enzyme activity is indeed required to permit growth at the rates normally observed

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Plant growth, Morphogenesis, Cellulose, Hemicellulose, Pectin, Signalling
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jarvis, Dr Michael
Authors: Jarvis, M.C.
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH345 Biochemistry
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Structural Chemistry

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record