Hounsome, J.D.A., Baillie, S., Noofeli, M., Riboldi-Tunnicliffe, A., Burchmore, R.J.S., Isaacs, N.W., and Davies, R.L. (2011) Outer membrane protein A of bovine and ovine isolates of mannheimia haemolytica is surface exposed and contains host species-specific epitopes. Infection and Immunity, 79 (11). pp. 4332-4341. ISSN 0019-9567 (doi:10.1128/IAI.05469-11 )
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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/IAI.05469-11
Mannheimia haemolytica is the etiological agent of pneumonic pasteurellosis of cattle and sheep; two different OmpA subclasses, OmpA1 and OmpA2, are associated with bovine and ovine isolates, respectively. These proteins differ at the distal ends of four external loops, are involved in adherence, and are likely to play important roles in host adaptation. M. haemolytica is surrounded by a polysaccharide capsule, and the degree of OmpA surface exposure is unknown. To investigate surface exposure and immune specificity of OmpA among bovine and ovine M. haemolytica isolates, recombinant proteins representing the transmembrane domain of OmpA from a bovine serotype A1 isolate (rOmpA1) and an ovine serotype A2 isolate (rOmpA2) were overexpressed, purified, and used to generate anti-rOmpA1 and anti-rOmpA2 antibodies, respectively. Immunogold electron microscopy and immunofluorescence techniques demonstrated that OmpA1 and OmpA2 are surface exposed, and are not masked by the polysaccharide capsule, in a selection of M. haemolytica isolates of various serotypes and grown under different growth conditions. To explore epitope specificity, anti-rOmpA1 and anti-rOmpA2 antibodies were cross-absorbed with the heterologous isolate to remove cross-reacting antibodies. These cross-absorbed antibodies were highly specific and recognized only the OmpA protein of the homologous isolate in Western blot assays. A wider examination of the binding specificities of these antibodies for M. haemolytica isolates representing different OmpA subclasses revealed that cross-absorbed anti-rOmpA1 antibodies recognized OmpA1-type proteins but not OmpA2-type proteins; conversely, cross-absorbed anti-rOmpA2 antibodies recognized OmpA2-type proteins but not OmpA1-type proteins. Our results demonstrate that OmpA1 and OmpA2 are surface exposed and could potentially bind to different receptors in cattle and sheep.
|Glasgow Author(s):||Burchmore, Dr Richard and Noofeli, Mr Mojtaba and Baillie, Mrs Susan and Davies, Dr Robert and Isaacs, Prof Neil and Riboldi-Tunnicliffe, Dr Alan|
|Authors:||Hounsome, J.D.A., Baillie, S., Noofeli, M., Riboldi-Tunnicliffe, A., Burchmore, R.J.S., Isaacs, N.W., and Davies, R.L.|
|College/School:||College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation|
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation > Parasitology
College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
|Journal Name:||Infection and Immunity|
|Publisher:||American Society for Microbiology|
|Published Online:||September 2011|