Late-onset rhabdomyolysis in burn patients in the intensive care unit

Bache, S.E., Taggart, I. and Gilhooly, C. (2011) Late-onset rhabdomyolysis in burn patients in the intensive care unit. Burns, 37(7), pp. 1241-1247. (doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2011.05.014)

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Rhabdomyolysis (RML), defined as creatine phosphokinase (CPK) >1000 U/L, is relatively common immediately after a significant burn. Late-onset RML, occurring a week or more after a burn, is less well understood and recognised. All patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) following an acute burn between May 2006 and December 2009 were retrospectively identified. Patients with CPK > 1000 U/L a week or more after their burn had a detailed notes review. Seventy-six patients were admitted during 43 months. Late-onset RML was demonstrated in 7/76 (9%) patients. They had a similar pattern of normal or mildly raised CPK on admission that resolved over the following days, but suddenly increased sharply to over 1000 U/L, a week or more after their burn, usually around day ten. A severe late-onset RML occurred in 5/76 (7%) patients, with a CPK rise of over 5000 U/L, and all required haemodialysis. Potential triggering factors for late-onset RML include sepsis, nephrotoxic drugs and hypophosphataemia. It is important to consider measuring CPK in all patients with the above complications, even after it has previously been observed to be normal, in order to initiate early treatment. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gilhooly, Dr Charlotte
Authors: Bache, S.E., Taggart, I., and Gilhooly, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Burns

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