Remedy of prohibition against Roman judges in civil trials

Metzger, E. (2007) Remedy of prohibition against Roman judges in civil trials. In: Eighteenth British Legal History Conference, St Catherine's College, Oxford, 4-7 July 2007,

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In classical Roman civil procedure, a lay judge was appointed to hear a single case. He received brief instructions on the case to be adjudicated and — though many details are unknown — was personally answerable if he failed to follow the instructions properly. It is well known that a judge who simply failed to give judgment was in danger of becoming liable. Recent evidence, however, suggests that the judge similarly faced liability for giving judgment when he was not supposed to. The law of procedure recognised certain ‘causes for adjourn¬ment’, in the face of which a judge was obliged to adjourn. Any judgment he gave notwithstanding a cause for adjournment had no force. This paper gives two example of these ‘causes’: the absence of a litigant on account of illness, and the appearance of a defendant-ward who is sued without the authority of his or her guardian.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Keywords:Roman law, adjournment, judges
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Metzger, Professor Ernest
Authors: Metzger, E.
Subjects:D History General and Old World > DE The Mediterranean Region. The Greco-Roman World
K Law > K Law (General)
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Law

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