Effect of prolonged in vivo administration of progesterone in pregnancy on myometrial gene expression, peripheral blood leukocyte activation, and circulating steroid hormone levels

Norman, J.E., Yuan, M., Anderson, L., Howie, F., Harold, G., Young, A., Jordan, F., McInnes, I. and Harnett, M.M. (2011) Effect of prolonged in vivo administration of progesterone in pregnancy on myometrial gene expression, peripheral blood leukocyte activation, and circulating steroid hormone levels. Reproductive Sciences, 18(5), pp. 435-446. (doi:10.1177/1933719110395404)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1933719110395404

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to investigate the effects of progesterone on gene expression and function of both myometrium and circulating leukocytes. Methods: We recruited women participating in a randomized clinical trial of progesterone to prevent preterm delivery. These participants had a twin pregnancy and were managed in 1 of 2 tertiary referral centers. Participants were treated with progesterone (90 mg vaginally) or placebo from 24 to 34 weeks of pregnancy. The outcome measures were myometrial and leukocyte gene expression and expression of cell surface markers in circulating leukocytes, all quantified ex vivo. Results: Prolonged in vivo administration of progesterone inhibited myometrial expression of connexins 26 and 43, endothelial nitric acid synthase (eNOS), and the prostaglandin receptor EP2 ex vivo. Administration of progesterone also increased numbers of circulating neutrophils while decreasing lymphocyte proportions and decreasing neutrophil CD11b expression. Conclusion: The observed effects of prolonged in vivo administration of progesterone will minimize the ability of the uterus to contract as a synctium and the ability of peripheral blood leukocytes to migrate into the myometrium during parturition. We suggest that these are putative mechanisms by which progesterone might prevent preterm birth in women at high risk.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McInnes, Professor Iain and Harnett, Professor Margaret and Norman, Professor Jane and Yuan, Dr Meifang and Anderson, Dr Laurie
Authors: Norman, J.E., Yuan, M., Anderson, L., Howie, F., Harold, G., Young, A., Jordan, F., McInnes, I., and Harnett, M.M.
Subjects:R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Reproductive Sciences
ISSN:1933-7191
ISSN (Online):1933-7205

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