Blind detection of spread spectrum flow watermarks

Jia, W., Fung Po, T., Ling, Z., Xingwen, F., Dong, X. and Wei, Y. (2009) Blind detection of spread spectrum flow watermarks. In: INFOCOM 2009, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 19-20 April 2009,

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Recently, the direct sequence spread-spectrum (DSSS)-based technique has been proposed to trace anonymous network flows. In this technique, homogeneous pseudo-noise (PN) codes are used to modulate multiple-bit signals that are embedded into the target flow as watermarks. This technique could be maliciously used to degrade an anonymous communication network. In this paper, we propose a simple single flow-based scheme to detect the existence of these watermarks. Our investigation shows that even if we have no knowledge of the applied PN code, we are still able to detect malicious DSSS watermarks via mean-square autocorrelation (MSAC) of a single modulated flow’s traffic rate time series. MSAC shows periodic peaks due to self-similarity in the modulated traffic caused by homogeneous PN codes that are used in modulating multiple-bit signals. Our scheme has low complexity and does not require any PN-code synchronization. We evaluate this detection scheme’s effectiveness via simulations and real-world experiments on Tor. Our results demonstrate a high detection rate with a low false positive rate. Our scheme is more flexible and accurate than an existing multi-flow-based approach in DSSS watermark detection.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Additional Information:ISBN: 978142443513509
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Tso, Dr Fung Po
Authors: Jia, W., Fung Po, T., Ling, Z., Xingwen, F., Dong, X., and Wei, Y.
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science

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