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A reliable measure is one we can trust in the long run. Thus, the reliability of measurements is as important as their validity. Here we investigated the reliability of brain electrical visual evoked responses to faces and noise textures. For the first time, we provide reliability measures for the full time course of event-related potentials (ERPs). Our analyses were also performed on a R2(t) metric that reflects results from single-trial analyses, therefore providing the first reliability analysis of ERP single-trial analyses. Results show that ERPs and R2(t) are highly reliable (cross-correlation ~ 0.9, lag ~ 4/6 ms, intra-class correlation ~ 0.9) but also idiosyncratic: ERPs and R2(t) are highly reproducible within subjects, who differ reliably from each other and the grand average across subjects. Consequently, grand averages, although highly reliable, can be misleading because they might not reflect the actual brain dynamic of any subjects.
|Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:||Pernet, Dr Cyril and Rousselet, Dr Guillaume and Gaspar, Dr Carl|
|Authors:||Gaspar, C. M., Rousselet, G. A., and Pernet, C. R.|
|College/School:||College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology|
|Published Online:||25 June 2011|