Modeling single-trial ERP reveals modulation of bottom-up face visual processing by top-down task constraints (in some subjects)

Rousselet, G.A. , Gaspar, C.M., Wieczorek, K.P. and Pernet, C.R. (2011) Modeling single-trial ERP reveals modulation of bottom-up face visual processing by top-down task constraints (in some subjects). Frontiers in Psychology, (doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00137)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00137

Abstract

We studied how task constraints modulate the relationship between single-trial event-related potentials (ERPs) and image noise. Thirteen subjects performed two interleaved tasks: on different blocks, they saw the same stimuli, but they discriminated either between two faces or between two colors. Stimuli were two pictures of red or green faces that contained from 10 to 80% of phase noise, with 10% increments. Behavioral accuracy followed a noise dependent sigmoid in the identity task but was high and independent of noise level in the color task. EEG data recorded concurrently were analyzed using a single-trial ANCOVA: we assessed how changes in task constraints modulated ERP noise sensitivity while regressing out the main ERP differences due to identity, color, and task. Single-trial ERP sensitivity to image phase noise started at about 95–110 ms post-stimulus onset. Group analyses showed a significant reduction in noise sensitivity in the color task compared to the identity task from about 140 ms to 300 ms post-stimulus onset. However, statistical analyses in every subject revealed different results: significant task modulation occurred in 8/13 subjects, one showing an increase and seven showing a decrease in noise sensitivity in the color task. Onsets and durations of effects also differed between group and single-trial analyses: at any time point only a maximum of four subjects (31%) showed results consistent with group analyses. We provide detailed results for all 13 subjects, including a shift function analysis that revealed asymmetric task modulations of single-trial ERP distributions. We conclude that, during face processing, bottom-up sensitivity to phase noise can be modulated by top-down task constraints, in a broad window around the P2, at least in some subjects.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. It is reproduced with permission.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Rousselet, Dr Guillaume and Gaspar, Dr Carl
Authors: Rousselet, G.A., Gaspar, C.M., Wieczorek, K.P., and Pernet, C.R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN:1664-1078
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2011 The Authors
First Published:First published in Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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