Spoilt for choice: implications of costing hospital episode statistics

Geue, C. , Lewsey, J. , Lorgelly, P., Govan, L. , Hart, C. and Briggs, A. (2012) Spoilt for choice: implications of costing hospital episode statistics. Health Economics, 21(10), pp. 1201-1216. (doi:10.1002/hec.1785)

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Abstract

<p>In the absence of a ‘gold standard’ to estimate the economic burden of disease, a decision about the most appropriate costing method is required. Researchers have employed various methods to cost hospital stays, including per diem or diagnosis-related group (DRG)-based costs. Alternative methods differ in data collection and costing methodology. Using data from Scotland as an illustrative example, costing methods are compared, highlighting the wider implications for other countries with a publicly financed healthcare system.</p> <p>Five methods are compared using longitudinal data including baseline survey data (Midspan) linked to acute hospital admissions. Cost variables are derived using two forms of DRG-type costs, costs per diem, costs per episode—using a novel approach that distinguishes between variable and fixed costs and incorporates individual length of stay (LOS), and costs per episode using national average LOS. Cost estimates are generated using generalised linear model regression.</p> <p>Descriptive analysis shows substantial variation between costing methods. Differences found in regression analyses highlight the magnitude of variation in cost estimates for subgroups of the sample population.</p> <p>This paper emphasises that any inference made from econometric modelling of costs, where the marginal effect of explanatory variables is assessed, is substantially influenced by the costing method.</p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Govan, Dr Lindsay and Briggs, Professor Andrew and Hart, Dr Carole and Lewsey, Professor James and Geue, Dr Claudia and Lorgelly, Dr Paula
Authors: Geue, C., Lewsey, J., Lorgelly, P., Govan, L., Hart, C., and Briggs, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Health Economics and Health Technology Assessment
Journal Name:Health Economics
ISSN:1057-9230
Published Online:09 September 2011

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