G-protein beta(3) subunit gene (GNB3) 825T allele is associated with enhanced renal perfusion in early hypertension

Zeltner, R., Delles, C. , Schneider, M., Siffert, W. and Schmieder, R.E. (2001) G-protein beta(3) subunit gene (GNB3) 825T allele is associated with enhanced renal perfusion in early hypertension. Hypertension, 37(3), pp. 882-886. (doi: 10.1161/​01.HYP.37.3.882)

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Abstract

The C825T polymorphism of the gene encoding the G-protein beta(3) subunit (GNB3) is associated with increased intracellular signal transduction and arterial hypertension. The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of this polymorphism on early adaptive processes of the left ventricle and renal hemodynamic changes in young normotensive to mildly hypertensive subjects. Ninety-five white male students with normal or mildly elevated blood pressure were genotyped for the GNB3 C825T polymorphism. In each participant, 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure, left ventricular structure and function (2D-guided M-mode echocardiography), renal plasma flow (para-aminohippurate clearance), glomerular filtration rate (inulin clearance), and 24-hour urinary sodium excretion were determined. The GNB3 825T allele was not associated with casual or ambulatory blood pressure, parameters of left ventricular structure or function, glomerular filtration, or 24-hour urinary sodium excretion. However, in T:-allele carriers (CT+TT), renal plasma flow was higher than in CC subjects (CT/TT: 659+/-96 versus CC: 614+/-91 mL/min, P:=0.019). ANOVA disclosed that renal plasma flow was independently influenced by both genotype and blood pressure, with hypertensives having a higher renal plasma flow than normotensive subjects. This was the fact irrespective of the criteria used for the definition of hypertension (World Health Organization or 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure criteria). The GNB3 825T variant is associated with increased renal perfusion in this study. Because early renal hemodynamic changes play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension, our data suggest a relevance of increased G-protein activation in the pathogenesis of hypertension.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Schneider, Dr Markus and Delles, Professor Christian
Authors: Zeltner, R., Delles, C., Schneider, M., Siffert, W., and Schmieder, R.E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Hypertension
ISSN:0194-911X

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