Impact of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene G894T polymorphism on renal endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes

Ritt, M., Ott, C., Delles, C. , Schneider, M.P. and Schmieder, R.E. (2008) Impact of the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene G894T polymorphism on renal endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes. Pharmacogenetics and Genomics, 18(8), pp. 699-707.

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Abstract

<p><b>OBJECTIVE:</b> Endothelial dysfunction and increased oxidative stress contribute to the progression of diabetic nephropathy. To analyze the functional significance of the G894T polymorphism of NOS3, the gene encoding endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS), we assessed basal nitric oxide activity and the amount of oxidative stress in the renal circulation of patients with type 2 diabetes.</p> <p><b>METHODS:</b> Renal plasma flow (RPF) was assessed by steady-state input clearance technique with sodium para-aminohippurate in 84 patients with type 2 diabetes and 84 patients without diabetes. RPF was measured at baseline and after the infusion of the NOS inhibitor N-monomethyl-L-arginine (4.25 mg/kg); the substrate of NOS L-arginine (100 mg/kg); and coinfusion of vitamin C (3 g) with L-arginine (100 mg/kg).</p> <p><b>RESULTS:</b> The decrease of RPF to N-monomethyl-L-arginine was similar between carriers of the T allele and homozygous carriers of the G allele in patients with diabetes (-56+/-40 vs. -68.1+/-74 ml/min/1.73 m, P=0.342) and patients without diabetes (-66.7+/-81 vs. -58.3+/-63 ml/min/1.73 m, P=0.606). In patients with diabetes, however, carriers of the T allele revealed a more pronounced increase of RPF to coinfusion of vitamin C with L-arginine than homozygous carriers of the G allele (61.8+/-75 vs. 22.3+/-73 ml/min/1.73 m, P=0.021), whereas in patients without diabetes the response of RPF to coinfusion of vitamin C with L-arginine was similar between both groups (46.2+/-80 vs. 70.7+/-86 ml/min/1.73 m, P=0.217). Gene-environment interaction between disease (diabetes) and genotype (genotype GG vs. genotype GT/TT) was observed for increase of RPF to coinfusion of vitamin C with L-arginine (P=0.020).</p> <p><b>CONCLUSION:</b> G894T polymorphism of NOS3 has no impact on the basal nitric oxide activity of renal circulation. In contrast, the T allele is associated with increased oxidative stress in the renal circulation in patients with diabetes suggesting a specific role of the G894T polymorphism in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy.</p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Schneider, Dr Markus and Delles, Professor Christian
Authors: Ritt, M., Ott, C., Delles, C., Schneider, M.P., and Schmieder, R.E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:1744-6872
ISSN (Online):1744-6880
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