A strategy for delivering high torsionality in longitudinal-torsional ultrasonic devices

Al-Budairi, H. , Harkness, P. and Lucas, M. (2011) A strategy for delivering high torsionality in longitudinal-torsional ultrasonic devices. In: Burguete, R.L., Lucas, M., Patterson, E.A. and Quinn, S. (eds.) Advances in Experimental Mechanics VIII. Series: Applied mechanics and materials (70). Trans Tech Publications: Durnten, Switzerland, pp. 339-344. ISBN 9783037852026

54504.pdf - Accepted Version



A composite longitudinal-torsional vibration mode has applications in ultrasonic motors, ultrasonic welding and ultrasonic drilling. There are two ways to obtain this vibration behaviour using a single transducer, namely (i) coupling of a longitudinal and a torsional mode, which is known to be difficult; and (ii) degenerating a longitudinal mode to deliver longitudinal-torsional behaviour at the horn tip. A mode-degenerating horn is achieved by incorporating helical or diagonal slits in an otherwise traditional exponential horn driven by a Langevin transducer. However, it is often difficult with this configuration to avoid coupling of unwanted bending modes, low responsiveness, and loss of ultrasonic energy due to boundaries between tuned components. Therefore, in this study the mode-degenerating characteristics are achieved by incorporating the helical slits and exponential geometry features in the front mass of the transducer itself. Finite element analysis and vibration experimental analysis show that this strategy prevents coupling of bending modes, increases responsiveness, and reduces energy losses. Most importantly the transducer delivers a very high torsionality.

Item Type:Book Sections
Additional Information:Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 8th International Conference on Advances in Experimental Mechanics: Integrating Simulation and Experimentation for Validation, September 7-9, 2011, Edinburgh, Scotland
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Al-Budairi, Dr Hassan and Lucas, Professor Margaret and Harkness, Professor Patrick
Authors: Al-Budairi, H., Harkness, P., and Lucas, M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Publisher:Trans Tech Publications
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2011 The Authors
Publisher Policy:Reproduced with the permission of the authors

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