Neurohumoral effects of aliskiren in patients with symptomatic heart failure receiving a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist: the Aliskiren Observation of Heart Failure Treatment study

Pitt, B., Latini, R., Maggioni, A.P., Solomon, S.D., Smith, B.A., Wright, M., Prescott, M.F. and McMurray, J.J.V. (2011) Neurohumoral effects of aliskiren in patients with symptomatic heart failure receiving a mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist: the Aliskiren Observation of Heart Failure Treatment study. European Journal of Heart Failure, 13(7), pp. 755-764. (doi:10.1093/eurjhf/hfr034)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurjhf/hfr034

Abstract

Aims We evaluated the influence of concomitant mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) on the safety and neurohumoral effects of a direct renin inhibitor in the ALiskiren Observation of Heart Failure Treatment (ALOFT) study. Methods and results Patients with stable New York Heart Association class II-IV heart failure (HF), plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentration > 100 pg/mL, and treated with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (or angiotensin receptor blocker) and beta-blocker were randomized to once-daily, double-blind treatment with aliskiren 150 mg or placebo, added to optimal HF therapy, for 12 weeks. Safety, tolerability, and effects of aliskiren on neurohumoral biomarkers were assessed in patients who received (MRA+) and did not receive (MRA-) MRA treatment at baseline. Of the 302 randomized patients, 101 were receiving MRA treatment (aliskiren, n = 52; placebo, n = 49). Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist status did not affect the ability of aliskiren 150 mg, added to standard HF therapy, to lower BNP, N-terminal proBNP, plasma renin activity, and urinary aldosterone. For example, the end-of-study to baseline ratio of geometric mean for BNP was: MRA+ group: aliskiren 0.68 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.47, 0.98], placebo 0.85 (0.58, 1.24); MRA- group: aliskiren 0.62 (0.45, 0.84), placebo 0.85 (0.63, 1.15), interaction P = 0.720. The incidence of pre-specified adverse events (renal dysfunction, symptomatic hypotension, and hyperkalaemia) was low, and there were no significant differences between aliskiren and placebo in either MRA subgroup. Conclusion Aliskiren 150 mg added to standard HF therapy was well tolerated over 12 weeks and provided beneficial changes in neurohumoral biomarkers regardless of concomitant MRA

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McMurray, Professor John
Authors: Pitt, B., Latini, R., Maggioni, A.P., Solomon, S.D., Smith, B.A., Wright, M., Prescott, M.F., and McMurray, J.J.V.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:European Journal of Heart Failure
ISSN:1388-9842

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