Is proximity to a food retail store associated with diet and BMI in Glasgow, Scotland?

Macdonald, L., Ellaway, A. , Ball, K. and Macintyre, S. (2011) Is proximity to a food retail store associated with diet and BMI in Glasgow, Scotland? BMC Public Health, 11, p. 464. (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-464)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-464

Abstract

Background: Access to healthy food is often seen as a potentially important contributor to diet. Policy documents in many countries suggest that variations in access contribute to inequalities in diet and in health. Some studies, mostly in the USA, have found that proximity to food stores is associated with dietary patterns, body weight and socio-economic differences in diet and obesity, whilst others have found no such relationships. We aim to investigate whether proximity to food retail stores is associated with dietary patterns or Body Mass Index in Glasgow, a large city in the UK.

Methods: We mapped data from a 'Health and Well-Being Survey' (n = 991), and a list of food stores (n = 741) in Glasgow City, using ArcGIS, and undertook network analysis to find the distance from respondents' home addresses to the nearest fruit and vegetable store, small general store, and supermarket.

Results: We found few statistically significant associations between proximity to food retail outlets and diet or obesity, for unadjusted or adjusted models, or when stratifying by gender, car ownership or employment.

Conclusions: The findings suggest that in urban settings in the UK the distribution of retail food stores may not be a major influence on diet and weight, possibly because most urban residents have reasonable access to food stores.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ellaway, Dr Anne and Macintyre, Professor Sally and MacDonald, Mrs Laura
Authors: Macdonald, L., Ellaway, A., Ball, K., and Macintyre, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Social Scientists working in Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:BMC Public Health
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2458
ISSN (Online):1471-2458
Published Online:10 June 2011
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2011 The Authors
First Published:First published in BMC Public Health 11:464
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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