Co-Pt nanoparticles encapsulated in carbon cages prepared by sonoelectrodeposition

Luong, N.H., Hai, N.H., Phu, N.D. and MacLaren, D. (2011) Co-Pt nanoparticles encapsulated in carbon cages prepared by sonoelectrodeposition. Nanotechnology, 22(28), p. 285603. (doi:10.1088/0957-4484/22/28/285603)

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Abstract

Co–Pt nanoparticles encapsulated in carbon cages have been prepared by sonoelectrodeposition followed by annealing in a CO atmosphere. Sonoelectrodeposition is a useful technique to make metallic nanoparticles, using ultrasound during electrodeposition to remove nanoparticles as they grow on the cathode surface. We used an electrolyte containing chloroplatinic acid and cobalt chloride and found that the atomic ratio of Co:Pt in the as-formed materials varied from 0.2 to 0.8 as the deposition current density was changed from 15 to 35 mA cm−2. However, the as-deposited materials were inhomogeneous, comprising a mixture of Pt-rich and Co-rich nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction indicated that subsequent heat treatment (700 ◦C for 1 h) under CO gas created an ordered CoPt alloy phase that exhibited hard magnetic properties. Transmission electron microscopy showed many of the resulting nanoparticles to be encapsulated in carbon cages, which we ascribe to Co-catalyzed decomposition of CO during annealing. The thickness of the carbon cages was about ten layers, which may have helped reduce sintering during annealing. The size of the resultant nanoparticles was about 100 nm diameter, larger than the typical 5–10 nm diameter of as-deposited nanoparticles.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:MacLaren, Dr Donald
Authors: Luong, N.H., Hai, N.H., Phu, N.D., and MacLaren, D.
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Nanotechnology
Publisher:Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd.
ISSN:0957-4484
ISSN (Online):1361-6528

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