Identifying and applying psychological theory to setting and achieving rehabilitation goals

Scobbie, L., Wyke, S. and Dixon, D. (2009) Identifying and applying psychological theory to setting and achieving rehabilitation goals. Clinical Rehabilitation, 23(4), pp. 321-333. (doi: 10.1177/0269215509102981)

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Abstract

Background: Goal setting is considered to be a fundamental part of rehabilitation; however, theories of behaviour change relevant to goal-setting practice have not been comprehensively reviewed. Objectives: (i) To identify and discuss specific theories of behaviour change relevant to goal-setting practice in the rehabilitation setting. (ii) To identify `candidate' theories that that offer most potential to inform clinical practice. Methods: The rehabilitation and self-management literature was systematically searched to identify review papers or empirical studies that proposed a specific theory of behaviour change relevant to setting and/or achieving goals in a clinical context. Data from included papers were extracted under the headings of: key constructs, clinical application and empirical support. Results: Twenty-four papers were included in the review which proposed a total of five theories: (i) social cognitive theory, (ii) goal setting theory, (iii) health action process approach, (iv) proactive coping theory, and (v) the self-regulatory model of illness behaviour. The first three of these theories demonstrated most potential to inform clinical practice, on the basis of their capacity to inform interventions that resulted in improved patient outcomes. Conclusions: Social cognitive theory, goal setting theory and the health action process approach are theories of behaviour change that can inform clinicians in the process of setting and achieving goals in the rehabilitation setting. Overlapping constructs within these theories have been identified, and can be applied in clinical practice through the development and evaluation of a goal-setting practice framework

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wyke, Professor Sally
Authors: Scobbie, L., Wyke, S., and Dixon, D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Social Scientists working in Health and Wellbeing
College of Social Sciences
Journal Name:Clinical Rehabilitation
Journal Abbr.:Clin Rehabil
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:0269-2155
ISSN (Online):1477-0873

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