Altering the Ad5 packaging domain affects the maturation of the Ad particles

Alba, R., Cots, D., Ostapchuk, P., Bosch, A., Hearing, P. and Chillon, M. (2011) Altering the Ad5 packaging domain affects the maturation of the Ad particles. PLoS ONE, 6(5), e19564. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0019564)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019564

Abstract

We have previously described a new family of mutant adenoviruses carrying different combinations of attB/attP sequences from bacteriophage PhiC31 flanking the Ad5 packaging domain. These novel helper viruses have a significantly delayed viral life cycle and a severe packaging impairment, regardless of the presence of PhiC31 recombinase. Their infectious viral titers are significantly lower (100-1000 fold) than those of control adenovirus at 36 hours post-infection, but allow for efficient packaging of helper-dependent adenovirus. In the present work, we have analyzed which steps of the adenovirus life cycle are altered in attB-helper adenoviruses and investigated whether these viruses can provide the necessary viral proteins in trans. The entry of attB-adenoviral genomes into the cell nucleus early at early timepoints post-infection was not impaired and viral protein expression levels were found to be similar to those of control adenovirus. However, electron microscopy and capsid protein composition analyses revealed that attB-adenoviruses remain at an intermediate state of maturation 36 hours post-infection in comparison to control adenovirus which were fully mature and infective at this time point. Therefore, an additional 20-24 hours were found to be required for the appearance of mature attB-adenovirus. Interestingly, attB-adenovirus assembly and infectivity was restored by inserting a second packaging signal close to the right-end ITR, thus discarding the possibility that the attB-adenovirus genome was retained in a nuclear compartment deleterious for virus assembly. The present study may have substantive implications for helper-dependent adenovirus technology since helper attB-adenovirus allows for preferential packaging of helper-dependent adenovirus genomes

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Alba, Dr Raul
Authors: Alba, R., Cots, D., Ostapchuk, P., Bosch, A., Hearing, P., and Chillon, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN:1932-6203
ISSN (Online):1932-6203
Published Online:18 May 2011
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2011 The Authors
First Published:First published in PLoS ONE 6(5):e19564
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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