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Competing explanations for associations between marital status and health

Wyke, S., and Ford, G. (1992) Competing explanations for associations between marital status and health. Social Science and Medicine, 34 (5). pp. 523-532. ISSN 0277-9536 (doi:10.1016/0277-9536(92)90208-8 )

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Abstract

This paper is based on baseline data form a survey of 1042 fifty-five year olds living in the Central Clydeside Conurbation, who constitute the eldest cohort of the ‘West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study’—a longitudinal study of health and everyday life. The relationship between marital status and a number of measures of health and illness is explored. The paper examines which of four ‘social causation’ explanations—that married people have better health because they have more material resources, less stress, indulge in less risky health behaviour and have more social support—can actually account for the observed patterning. It finds that more risky health behaviour (measured by smoking and drinking), and ‘objective’ levels of social support, cannot account for very much of the effect of marital status on health measures; but that material resources, stress and perceived quality of social support could do so. However, elucidation of the direction of the relationships between these explanations and health measures, and indeed of the effect of health ‘selection’ into and out of marriage must await future sweeps of this longitudinal study.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s):Wyke, Prof Sally
Authors: Wyke, S., and Ford, G.
College/School:College of Social Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Social Scientists working in Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Social Science and Medicine
Publisher:Pergamon
ISSN:0277-9536
ISSN (Online):1873-5347
Published Online:4 July 2002

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