Indirect modulation of neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission in the hippocampus by activation of proteinase-activated receptor-2

Gan, J., Greenwood, S.M., Cobb, S.R. and Bushell, T.J. (2011) Indirect modulation of neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission in the hippocampus by activation of proteinase-activated receptor-2. British Journal of Pharmacology, 163(5), pp. 984-994. (doi:10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01293.x)

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Abstract

Summary Background and purpose: The proteinase-activated receptor-2 (PAR2) is widely expressed in the CNS under normal physiological conditions. However, its potential role in modulating neuronal excitability and synaptic transmission remains to be determined. Here, we have investigated whether PAR2 activation modulated synaptic activity in the hippocampus. Experimental approach: PAR2 activation and its effect on the hippocampus were examined in rat primary cultures and acute slices using whole cell patch clamp and standard extracellular recordings respectively. Key results: PAR2 activation leads to a depolarization of hippocampal neurones and a paradoxical reduction in the occurrence of synaptically-driven spontaneous action potentials (APs). PAR2-induced neuronal depolarization was abolished following either the inhibition of astrocytic function or antagonism of ionotropic glutamate receptors whilst the PAR2-induced decrease in AP frequency was also reduced when astrocytic function was inhibited. Furthermore, when examined in acute hippocampal slices, PAR2 activation induced a profound long-term depression of synaptic transmission that was dependent on NMDA receptor activation and was sensitive to disruption of astrocytic function. Conclusions and implications: These novel findings show that PAR2 activation indirectly inhibited hippocampal synaptic activity and indicate that these receptors may play an active role in modulating normal physiological CNS function, apart from their role in pathophysiological disorders

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cobb, Dr Stuart
Authors: Gan, J., Greenwood, S.M., Cobb, S.R., and Bushell, T.J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:British Journal of Pharmacology
Journal Abbr.:BJP
ISSN:0007-1188
ISSN (Online):1476-5381
Published Online:08 June 2011

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