A eukaryotic LOV-histidine kinase with circadian clock function in the picoalga Ostreococcus

Djouani-Tahri, E.-B., Christie, J.M. , Sanchez-Ferandin, S., Sanchez, F., Bouget, F.-Y. and Corellou, F. (2011) A eukaryotic LOV-histidine kinase with circadian clock function in the picoalga Ostreococcus. Plant Journal, 65(4), pp. 578-588. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-313X.2010.04444.x)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313X.2010.04444.x

Abstract

The marine environment has unique properties of light transmission, with an attenuation of long wavelengths within the first meters of the water column. Marine organisms have therefore evolved specific blue-light receptors such as aureochromes to absorb shorter-wavelength light. Here, we identify and characterize a light, oxygen, or voltage sensing (LOV) containing histidine kinase (LOV-HK) that functions as a new class of eukaryotic blue-light receptor in the pico-phytoplanktonic cell Ostreococcus tauri. This LOV-HK is related to the large family of LOV-HKs found in prokaryotes. Phylogenetic analysis indicates that the LOV domains from LOV-HKs, including O. tauri LOV-HK, and phototropins (phot; plant and green algal LOV serine/threonine kinases) have different evolutionary histories. Photochemical analysis shows that the LOV domain of LOV-HK binds a flavin cofactor and absorbs blue light with a fast photocycle compared with its prokaryotic counterparts. Ostreococcus tauri LOV-HK expression is induced by blue light and is under circadian control. Further, both overexpression and downregulation of LOV-HK result in arrhythmia of the circadian reporter CCA1:Luc under constant blue light. In contrast, photochemical inactivation of O. tauri LOV-HK is without effect, demonstrating its importance for function of the circadian clock under blue light. Overexpression/downregulation of O. tauriLOV-HK alters CCA1 rhythmicity under constant red light, irrespective of LOV-HK's photochemical reactivity, suggesting that O. tauri LOV-HK also participates in regulation of the circadian clock independent of its blue-light-sensing property. Molecular characterization of O. tauri LOV-HK demonstrates that this type of photoreceptor family is not limited to prokaryotes

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Christie, Professor John
Authors: Djouani-Tahri, E.-B., Christie, J.M., Sanchez-Ferandin, S., Sanchez, F., Bouget, F.-Y., and Corellou, F.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Plant Journal
ISSN:0960-7412

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