The impact of Bt cotton on poor households in rural India

Subramanian, A. and Qaim, M. (2010) The impact of Bt cotton on poor households in rural India. Journal of Development Studies, 46(2), pp. 295-311. (doi:10.1080/00220380903002954)

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The impact of genetically modified (GM) crops on the poor in developing countries is still the subject of controversy. While previous studies have examined direct productivity effects of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton and other GM crops, little is known about wider socioeconomic outcomes. We use a microeconomic modelling approach and comprehensive survey data from India to analyse welfare and distribution effects in a typical village economy. Bt cotton adoption increases returns to labour, especially for hired female workers. Likewise, aggregate household incomes rise, including for poor and vulnerable farmers. Hence, Bt cotton contributes to poverty reduction and rural development.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Subramanian, Dr Arjunan
Authors: Subramanian, A., and Qaim, M.
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
College/School:College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Economics
Journal Name:Journal of Development Studies
ISSN (Online):1743-9140
Published Online:16 December 2009

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