Village-wide effects of agricultural biotechnology: the case of Bt Cotton in India

Subramanian, A. and Qaim, M. (2009) Village-wide effects of agricultural biotechnology: the case of Bt Cotton in India. World Development, 37(1), pp. 256-267. (doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.03.010)

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Abstract

Previous studies on impacts of agricultural biotechnology have mostly focused on direct effects. We suggest an economy-wide framework to analyze income distribution aspects more carefully. For a village in India, a micro-social accounting matrix (SAM) is developed and used to simulate the effects of Bt cotton adoption. Overall, the technology is employment generating, although family labor in cotton production is saved. While substantial benefits are observed for small and large farmers, total household income effects are bigger for larger farms. This is mostly due to differential opportunity incomes of saved family labor. Some research and policy implications are discussed.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Subramanian, Dr Arjunan
Authors: Subramanian, A., and Qaim, M.
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
College/School:College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Economics
Journal Name:World Development
Publisher:Pergamon
ISSN:0305-750X
ISSN (Online):1873-5991
Published Online:03 July 2008

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