Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 inflammatory biomarkers, and risk of cardiovascular disease in the Prospective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk (PROSPER)

Caslake, M.J. et al. (2010) Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 inflammatory biomarkers, and risk of cardiovascular disease in the Prospective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly at Risk (PROSPER). Atherosclerosis, 210(1), pp. 28-34. (doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2009.10.041)

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Abstract

<p><b>Objective</b> <br>Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is an inflammatory biomarker that circulates mainly bound to LDL. We evaluated the association of Lp-PLA2 with vascular events in the elderly where the importance of LDL is diminished as a risk factor for coronary disease.</br></p> <p><b>Methods</b> <br>Mass and activity of Lp-PLA2 were related to risk over 3.2 years for vascular events (definite or suspected death from CHD, non-fatal MI, fatal or non-fatal stroke) in the 2804 men and 3000 women age 70–82 years in the Prospective Study of Pravastatin in the Elderly (PROSPER).</br></p> <p><b>Results</b> <br>Lp-PLA2 showed a moderate, positive association with risk of a vascular event with hazard ratios of 1.25 (confidence interval (CI) 1.02–1.54) for mass and 1.39 (CI 1.14–1.70) for activity for top versus bottom quartile. Risk associations were attenuated when classical risk factors, lipids and inflammatory markers – C-reactive protein and white cell count – were included in the models. Lp-PLA<sub>2</sub> was unrelated to stroke risk. Inclusion of all three inflammatory markers in multivariate models negated the association of HDL cholesterol with risk (hazard ratio 0.98; CI 0.88–1.10) and increased prediction of coronary events; the C statistic rose from 63.2% to 64.4% (P < 0.001).</br></p> <p><b>Conclusion</b> <br>In elderly people Lp-PLA<sub>2</sub>, alongside other inflammatory indices, is a potential biomarker for vascular events, particularly CHD.</br></p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Macfarlane, Professor Peter and Robertson, Mrs Michele and Shepherd, Prof James and Gaw, Dr Allan and Cooney, Mrs Josephine and Caslake, Professor Muriel and Stott J, Professor David and Ford, Professor Ian and Packard, Professor Chris
Authors: Caslake, M.J., Packard, C., Robertson, M., Cooney, J., Nelson, J.J., Ford, I., Gaw, A., Jukema, J.W., Macfarlane, P., Stott, D., and Shepherd, J.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
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College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Atherosclerosis
Publisher:Elsevier Ireland Ltd
ISSN:0021-9150
ISSN (Online):1879-1484
Published Online:10 November 2009

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