Reducing animal experimentation in foot-and-mouth disease vaccine potency tests

Reeve, R. , Cox, S., Smitsaart, E., Beascoechea, C.P., Haas, B., Maradei, E., Haydon, D.T. and Barnett, P. (2011) Reducing animal experimentation in foot-and-mouth disease vaccine potency tests. Vaccine, 29(3), pp. 5467-5473. (doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.05.056)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.05.056

Abstract

The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Terrestrial Manual and the European Pharmacopoeia (EP) still prescribe live challenge experiments for foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) immunogenicity and vaccine potency tests. However, the EP allows for other validated tests for the latter, and specifically in vitro tests if a "satisfactory pass level" has been determined; serological replacements are also currently in use in South America. Much research has therefore focused on validating both ex vivo and in vitro tests to replace live challenge. However, insufficient attention has been given to the sensitivity and specificity of the "gold standard" in vivo test being replaced, despite this information being critical to determining what should be required of its replacement. This paper aims to redress this imbalance by examining the current live challenge tests and their associated statistics and determining the confidence that we can have in them, thereby setting a standard for candidate replacements. It determines that the statistics associated with the current EP PD50 test are inappropriate given our domain knowledge, but that the OIE test statistics are satisfactory. However, it has also identified a new set of live animal challenge test regimes that provide similar sensitivity and specificity to all of the currently used OIE tests using fewer animals (16 including controls), and can also provide further savings in live animal experiments in exchange for small reductions in sensitivity and specificity

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Haydon, Professor Daniel and Reeve, Dr Richard
Authors: Reeve, R., Cox, S., Smitsaart, E., Beascoechea, C.P., Haas, B., Maradei, E., Haydon, D.T., and Barnett, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Vaccine
ISSN:0264-410X

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