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Troodos archaeological and environmental survey project: first preliminary report (June–July 2000)

Given, M. et al. (2001) Troodos archaeological and environmental survey project: first preliminary report (June–July 2000). Cyprus Department of Antiquities: Report . pp. 425-440. ISSN 0070-2374

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Abstract

The Troodos Archaeological and Environmental Survey Project is investigating human activity across the landscape during all time periods, using intensive archaeological and geomorphological survey. TAESP is working in a broad area of the north-central Troodos mountains that includes fertile valleys and plains, copper-bearing foothills, and the northern part of the Troodos Range itself. Other than some rescue excavation of tombs, no systematic archaeological work had been done in this area, and none at all in the mountains. Because of our interdisciplinary research goals and intensive methodology, developed in an earlier, already published project, we are contributing a wide-ranging analysis of the Cypriot landscape for all periods, one that will make a key contribution to landscape archaeology and to regional studies more widely in the Mediterranean. Our research is focused on the dynamic relationship between human society and the environment. We are documenting and analysing settlement patterns, site hierarchies, land use patterns and communication networks across the landscape during all time periods, and relating them to environmental factors such as physical landforms, soils and sediments, vegetation, and water. A particular focus is the nature and development of resource exploitation, in particular agriculture and metallurgical production. Related themes include the production of pottery and stone tools, forest resources and soil management. Within our 159 sq km survey area we carried out fieldwalking transects in five ‘intensive survey zones’ totalling 37 sq km. The rest was sampled by means of a grid of 20 short transects and more purposive survey. Transects are lines of ‘survey units’ traversed by fieldwalkers placed 5 m apart. Throughout the project, they consistently counted and collected a sample of artefacts, and recorded geomorphological and environmental data. We examined clusters of contiguous survey units in broader areas of importance, and employed various gridding and sampling techniques for more intensive investigation of particular foci of human activity.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:No
Glasgow Author(s):Gibson, Dr Erin and Knapp, Prof A Bernard and Sollars, Dr Luke and Given, Dr Michael
Authors: Given, M., Knapp, A., Evans, I., Gibson, E., Ireland, T., Kassianidou, V., Noller, J., Saunders, H., Sollars, L., Urwin, N., Winther Jacobsen, K., and Zesimou, S.
Subjects:C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
College/School:College of Arts > School of Humanities > Archaeology
Journal Name:Cyprus Department of Antiquities: Report
ISSN:0070-2374
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
282444Troodos Archaeological Survey Project - CyprusA Bernard KnappArts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB)14633/1HU - ARCHAEOLOGY