A genome-wide association study of upper aerodigestive tract cancers conducted within the INHANCE consortium

Horwitz, M.S. et al. (2011) A genome-wide association study of upper aerodigestive tract cancers conducted within the INHANCE consortium. PLoS Genetics, 7(3), e1001333. (doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1001333)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1001333

Abstract

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been successful in identifying common genetic variation involved in susceptibility to etiologically complex disease. We conducted a GWAS to identify common genetic variation involved in susceptibility to upper aero-digestive tract (UADT) cancers. Genome-wide genotyping was carried out using the Illumina HumanHap300 beadchips in 2,091 UADT cancer cases and 3,513 controls from two large European multi-centre UADT cancer studies, as well as 4,821 generic controls. The 19 top-ranked variants were investigated further in an additional 6,514 UADT cancer cases and 7,892 controls of European descent from an additional 13 UADT cancer studies participating in the INHANCE consortium. Five common variants presented evidence for significant association in the combined analysis (p≤5×10−7). Two novel variants were identified, a 4q21 variant (rs1494961, p = 1×10−8) located near DNA repair related genes HEL308 and FAM175A (or Abraxas) and a 12q24 variant (rs4767364, p = 2×10−8) located in an extended linkage disequilibrium region that contains multiple genes including the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) gene. Three remaining variants are located in the ADH gene cluster and were identified previously in a candidate gene study involving some of these samples. The association between these three variants and UADT cancers was independently replicated in 5,092 UADT cancer cases and 6,794 controls non-overlapping samples presented here (rs1573496-ADH7, p = 5×10−8; rs1229984-ADH1B, p = 7×10−9; and rs698-ADH1C, p = 0.02). These results implicate two variants at 4q21 and 12q24 and further highlight three ADH variants in UADT cancer susceptibility.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Conway, Professor David
Authors: Horwitz, M.S., McKay, J.D., Truong, T., Gaborieau, V., Chabrier, A., Chuang, S.-C., Byrnes, G., Zaridze, D., Shangina, O., Szeszenia-Dabrowska, N., Lissowska, J., Rudnai, P., Fabianova, E., Bucur, A., Bencko, V., Holcatova, I., Janout, V., Foretova, L., Lagiou, P., Trichopoulos, D., Benhamou, S., Bouchardy, C., Ahrens, W., Merletti, F., Richiardi, L., Talamini, R., Barzan, L., Kjaerheim, K., Macfarlane, G.J., Macfarlane, T.V., Simonato, L., Canova, C., Agudo, A., Castellsagué, X., Lowry, R., Conway, D.I., McKinney, P.A., Healy, C.M., Toner, M.E., Znaor, A., Curado, M.P., Koifman, S., Menezes, A., Wünsch-Filho, V., Neto, J.E., Garrote, L.F., Boccia, S., Cadoni, G., Arzani, D., Olshan, A.F., Weissler, M.C., Funkhouser, W.K., Luo, J., Lubiński, J., Trubicka, J., Lener, M., Oszutowska, D., Schwartz, S.M., Chen, C., Fish, S., Doody, D.R., Muscat, J.E., Lazarus, P., Gallagher, C.J., Chang, S.C., Zhang, Z.F., Wei, Q., Sturgis, E.M., Wang, L.E., Franceschi, S., Herrero, R., Kelsey, K.T., McClean, M.D., Marsit, C.J., Nelson, H.H., Romkes, M., Buch, S., Nukui, T., Zhong, S., Lacko, M., Manni, J.J., Peters, W.H.M., Hung, R.J., McLaughlin, J., Vatten, L., Njølstad, I., Goodman, G.E., Field, J.K., Liloglou, T., Vineis, P., Clavel-Chapelon, F., Palli, D., Tumino, R., Krogh, V., Panico, S., González, C.A., Quirós, J.R., Martínez, C., Navarro, C., Ardanaz, E., Larrañaga, N., Khaw, K.T., Key, T., Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B., Peeters, P.H.M., Trichopoulou, A., Linseisen, J., Boeing, H., Hallmans, G., Overvad, K., Tjønneland, A., Kumle, M., Riboli, E., Välk, K., Vooder, T., Metspalu, A., Zelenika, D., Boland, A., Delepine, M., Foglio, M., Lechner, D., Blanché, H., Gut, I.G., Galan, P., Heath, S., Hashibe, M., Hayes, R.B., Boffetta, P., Lathrop, M., and Brennan, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:PLoS Genetics
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN:1553-7390
ISSN (Online):1553-7404
Published Online:01 January 2011
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2011 The Authors
First Published:First published in PLoS Genetics 2011 7(3): e1001333
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
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