Characterization of the xenobiotic response of Caenorhabditis elegans to the anthelmintic drug albendazole and the identification of novel drug glucoside metabolites

Laing, S., Ivens, A., Laing, R. , Ravikumar, S., Butler, V., Woods, D.J. and Gilleard, J.S. (2010) Characterization of the xenobiotic response of Caenorhabditis elegans to the anthelmintic drug albendazole and the identification of novel drug glucoside metabolites. Biochemical Journal, 432(3), pp. 505-514. (doi: 10.1042/BJ20101346)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BJ20101346

Abstract

Knowledge of how anthelmintics are metabolized and excreted in nematodes is an integral part of understanding the factors that determine their potency, spectrum of activity and for investigating mechanisms of resistance. Although there is remarkably little information on these processes in nematodes, it is often suggested that they are of minimal importance for the major anthelmintic drugs. Consequently, we have investigated how the model nematode <i>Caenorhabditis elegans</i> responds to and metabolizes albendazole, one of the most important anthelmintic drugs for human and animal use. Using a mutant strain lacking the β-tubulin drug target to minimize generalized stress responses, we show that the transcriptional response is dominated by genes encoding XMEs (xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes), particularly cytochrome P450s and UGTs (UDP-glucuronosyl transferases). The most highly induced genes are predominantly expressed in the worm intestine, supporting their role in drug metabolism. HPLC-MS/MS revealed the production of two novel glucoside metabolites in C. elegans identifying a major difference in the biotransformation of this drug between nematodes and mammals. This is the first demonstration of metabolism of a therapeutic anthelmintic in <i>C. elegans</i> and provides a framework for its use to functionally investigate nematode anthelmintic metabolism.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Laing, Dr Roz and Gilleard, Professor John and Butler, Ms Victoria
Authors: Laing, S., Ivens, A., Laing, R., Ravikumar, S., Butler, V., Woods, D.J., and Gilleard, J.S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Biochemical Journal
Publisher:Portland Press Ltd.
ISSN:0264-6021
ISSN (Online):1470-8728
Published Online:08 October 2010

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record