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Where and how was Gaelic written in late medieval and early modern Scotland? Orthographic practices and cultural identities

MacCoinnich, A. (2008) Where and how was Gaelic written in late medieval and early modern Scotland? Orthographic practices and cultural identities. Scottish Gaelic Studies, XXIV . pp. 309-356. ISSN 0080-8024

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Abstract

This article examines patterns of language use and literacy in Gaelic Scotland between c.1400 and c.1700. Classical Gaelic, the written form of Gaelic used between 1200 and 1700, with its distinctive linguistic and scribal forms, has traditionally been considered to have been the language of literacy in the wider Gaelic world, in both Ireland and throughout the whole of Gaelic Scotland. Although it has long been known that some of the more prominent Scottish manuscripts in Gaelic from this period have not utilised Classical Gaelic but Scots orthographic forms, such 'anomalous' Scots orthographic usages of Gaelic have sometimes been treated by some scholars as an unfortunate or inconvenient departure from the Classical Gaelic tradition. Although Meek (1989) and Black (2000) have questioned aspects of such models, this article seeks to further challenge such a paradigm by mapping the distribution pattern of Classical Gaelic manuscripts within Scotland. This phenomenon, it is suggested here, was related largely to the south west fringe of Gaelic Scotland. An attempt is made to map the distribution patterns of Gaelic written with Scots orthography. It is argued here, on the basis of these patterns of distribution, together with other documentary evidence, that Classical Gaelic literacy was more restricted and Scots literacy wider (and earlier) within Gaelic Scotland than has previously been considered to be the case.

Item Type:Article
Keywords:Gaelic, Scots, Orthograpy, literacy, Highlands, Lowlands, Galldachd Gaidhealtachd, script, scribal, corra-litir, secretary hand, Reformation, Gàidhealtachd, clans.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:MacCoinnich, Dr Aonghas
Authors: MacCoinnich, A.
Subjects:P Language and Literature > PB Modern European Languages > PB1501 Gaelic (Scottish Gaelic, Erse)
College/School:College of Arts > School of Humanities > Celtic and Gaelic
Journal Name:Scottish Gaelic Studies
Publisher:University of Aberdeen
ISSN:0080-8024
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2008 Aberdeen University
First Published:First published in Scottish Gaelic Studies XXIV:309-356
Publisher Policy:Reproduced with permission of the editor.
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