HREM studies of intergrowths in Sr2[Srn-1TinO3n+1] Ruddlesden-Popper phases synthesized by mechanochemical activation

Hungria, T., MacLaren, I., Fuess, H., Galy, J. and Castro, A. (2008) HREM studies of intergrowths in Sr2[Srn-1TinO3n+1] Ruddlesden-Popper phases synthesized by mechanochemical activation. Materials Letters, 62(17-18), pp. 3095-3098. (doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2008.01.110)

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Abstract

A mechanochemical activation route has been applied in order to obtain the <i>n</i>=1–4 and ∞ members of the Sr<sub>2</sub>[Sr<sub>n</sub><sub>−1</sub>Ti<sub>n</sub>O<sub>3n+1</sub>] Ruddlesden– Popper series from different (<i>n</i>+1)SrO:nTiO<sub>2</sub> mixtures. The mechanosynthesis of SrTiO<sub>3</sub> and Sr<sub>2</sub>TiO<sub>4</sub> was observed during the milling process from the initial stoichiometric mixture, but in the cases of the <i>n</i>=2–4 members, a subsequent thermal treatment was needed. The synthesis protocol of Sr<sub>3</sub>Ti<sub>2</sub>O<sub>7</sub> has been greatly improved and this compound can be isolated as a single, crystalline phase after annealing at 800°C. In the case of Sr<sub>4</sub>Ti<sub>3</sub>O<sub>10</sub> and Sr<sub>5</sub>Ti<sub>4</sub>O<sub>13</sub>, the formation temperature was also decreased, but members with <i>n</i>=3 and 4 could not be isolated. Detailed investigations using electron microscopy methods (TEM, HREM and SAED) were carried out in the samples corresponding to <i>n</i>=2–4. Although a single ordered Sr<sub>3</sub>Ti<sub>2</sub>O<sub>7</sub> structure is dominant in the sample corresponding to <i>n</i>=2, a few intergrowths of other Ruddlesden–Popper phases were observed. In the cases of <i>n</i>=3 and 4, the intergrowths of Ruddlesden–Popper phases are more frequent than in the <i>n</i>=2 composition and are randomly distributed in the sample. The more frequent occurrence of such stacking faults, with increasing <i>n</i> value, leads to a somewhat disordered layer stacking sequence.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Perovskites, crystal structure, electron microscopy.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:MacLaren, Dr Ian
Authors: Hungria, T., MacLaren, I., Fuess, H., Galy, J., and Castro, A.
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Materials Letters
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0167-577X
ISSN (Online):1873-4979
Published Online:08 February 2008
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2008 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Materials Letters 62(17-18):3095-3098
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

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