Searching for a stochastic background of gravitational waves with the laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory

Abbott, B. et al. (2007) Searching for a stochastic background of gravitational waves with the laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory. Astrophysical Journal, 659(2), p. 918. (doi:10.1086/511329)

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Abstract

The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) has performed the fourth science run, S4, with significantly improved interferometer sensitivities with respect to previous runs. Using data acquired during this science run, we place a limit on the amplitude of a stochastic background of gravitational waves. For a frequency independent spectrum, the new Bayesian 90% upper limit is ΩGW × [H0/(72 km s−1 Mpc−1)]2 < 6.5 × 10-5. This is currently the most sensitive result in the frequency range 51-150 Hz, with a factor of 13 improvement over the previous LIGO result. We discuss the complementarity of the new result with other constraints on a stochastic background of gravitational waves, and we investigate implications of the new result for different models of this background.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Grant, Mr Alastair and Cagnoli, Dr Gianpietro and Cantley, Dr Caroline and Messenger, Dr Christopher and Casey, Dr Morag and Barr, Dr Bryan and Cumming, Dr Alan and Tokmakov, Dr Kirill and Plissi, Dr Michael and Woan, Professor Graham and Heng, Dr Ik Siong and Crooks, Dr David and Hough, Professor James and Ward, Dr Henry and Newton, Dr Gavin and Torrie, Dr Calum and Huttner, Dr Sabina and Strain, Professor Kenneth and Jones, Mr Russell and Pitkin, Dr Matthew and Murray, Dr Peter and Barton, Dr Mark
Authors: Abbott, B., Abbott, R., Adhikari, R., Agresti, J., Ajith, P., Allen, B., Amin, R., Anderson, S. B., Anderson, W. G., Araya, M., Armandula, H., Ashley, M., Aston, S., Aulbert, C., Babak, S., Ballmer, S., Barish, B. C., Barker, C., Barker, D., Barr, B., Barriga, P., Barton, M.A., Bayer, K., Belczynski, K., Betzwieser, J., Beyersdorf, P., Bhawal, B., Bilenko, I. A., Billingsley, G., Black, E., Blackburn, K., Blackburn, L., Blair, D., Bland, B., Bogue, L., Bork, R., Bose, S., Brady, P. R., Braginsky, V. B., Brau, J. E., Brooks, A., Brown, D. A., Bullington, A., Bunkowski, A., Buonanno, A., Burman, R., Busby, D., Byer, R. L., Cadonati, L., Cagnoli, G., Camp, J. B., Cannizzo, J., Cannon, K., Cantley, C., Cao, J., Cardenas, L., Casey, M.M., Cepeda, C., Charlton, P., Chatterji, S., Chelkowski, S., Chen, Y., Chin, D., Chin, E., Chow, J., Christensen, N., Cokelaer, T., Colacino, C. N., Coldwell, R., Cook, D., Corbitt, T., Coward, D., Coyne, D., Creighton, J. D. E., Creighton, T. D., Crooks, D.R.M., Cruise, A. M., Cumming, A., Cutler, C., Dalrymple, J., D’Ambrosio, E., Danzmann, K., Davies, G., de Vine, G., DeBra, D., Degallaix, J., Dergachev, V., Desai, S., DeSalvo, R., Dhurandar, S., Di Credico, A., Diaz, M., Dickson, J., Diederichs, G., Dietz, A., Doomes, E. E., Drever, R. W. P., Dumas, J.‐C., Dupuis, R. J., Ehrens, P., Elliffe, E., Etzel, T., Evans, M., Evans, T., Fairhurst, S., Fan, Y., Fejer, M. M., Finn, L. S., Fotopoulos, N., Franzen, A., Franzen, K. Y., Frey, R. E., Fricke, T., Fritschel, P., Frolov, V. V., Fyffe, M., Garofoli, J., Gholami, I., Giaime, J. A., Giampanis, S., Goda, K., Goetz, E., Goggin, L., Gonzalez, G., Gossler, S., Grant, A., Gras, S., Gray, C., Gray, M., Greenhalgh, J., Gretarsson, A. M., Grimmett, D., Grosso, R., Grote, H., Grunewald, S., Guenther, M., Gustafson, R., Hage, B., Hanna, C., Hanson, J., Hardham, C., Harms, J., Harry, G., Harstad, E., Hayler, T., Heefner, J., Heng, I.S., Heptonstall, A., Heurs, M., Hewitson, M., Hild, S., Hindman, N., Hirose, E., Hoak, D., Hoang, P., Hosken, D., Hough, J., Howell, E., Hoyland, D., Hua, W., Huttner, S., Ingram, D., Ito, M., Itoh, Y., Ivanov, A., Jackrel, D., Johnson, B., Johnson, W. W., Jones, D. I., Jones, G., Jones, R., Ju, L., Kalmus, P., Kalogera, V., Kasprzyk, D., Katsavounidis, E., Kawabe, K., Kawamura, S., Kawazoe, F., Kells, W., Khalili, F. Y., Khan, A., Kim, C., King, P., Klimenko, S., Kokeyama, K., Kondrashov, V., Koranda, S., Kozak, D., Krishnan, B., Kwee, P., Lam, P. K., Landry, M., Lantz, B., Lazzarini, A., Lee, B., Lei, M., Leonhardt, V., Leonor, I., Libbrecht, K., Lindquist, P., Lockerbie, N. A., Lormand, M., Lubinski, M., Luck, H., Machenschalk, B., MacInnis, M., Mageswaran, M., Mailand, K., Malec, M., Mandic, V., Marka, S., Markowitz, J., Maros, E., Martin, I., Marx, J. N., Mason, K., Matone, L., Mavalvala, N., McCarthy, R., McClelland, D. E., McGuire, S. C., McHugh, M., McKenzie, K., McNabb, J. W. C., Meier, T., Melissinos, A., Mendell, G., Mercer, R. A., Meshkov, S., Messaritaki, E., Messenger, C.J., Meyers, D., Mikhailov, E., Mitra, S., Mitrofanov, V. P., Mitselmakher, G., Mittleman, R., Miyakawa, O., Mohanty, S., Moreno, G., Mossavi, K., MowLowry, C., Moylan, A., Mudge, D., Mueller, G., Muller‐Ebhardt, H., Mukherjee, S., Munch, J., Murray, P., Myers, E., Myers, J., Newton, G., Numata, K., O’Reilly, B., O’Shaughnessy, R., Ottaway, D. J., Overmier, H., Owen, B. J., Pan, Y., Papa, M. A., Parameshwaraiah, V., Pedraza, M., Penn, S., Pitkin, M., Plissi, M., Prix, R., Quetschke, V., Raab, F., Rabeling, D., Radkins, H., Rahkola, R., Rakhmanov, M., Rawlins, K., Ray‐Majumder, S., Re, V., Rehbein, H., Reid, S., Reitze, D. H., Ribichini, L., Riesen, R., Riles, K., Rivera, B., Robertson, D. I., Robertson, N. A., Robinson, C., Roddy, S., Rodriguez, A., Rogan, A. M., Rollins, J., Romano, J. D., Romie, J., Route, R., Rowan, S., Rudiger, A., Ruet, L., Russell, P., Ryan, K., Sakata, S., Samidi, M., de la Jordana, L. S., Sandberg, V., Sannibale, V., Saraf, S., Sarin, P., Sathyaprakash, B. S., Sato, S., Saulson, P. R., Savage, R., Schediwy, S., Schilling, R., Schnabel, R., Schofield, R., Schutz, B. F., Schwinberg, P., Scott, S. M., Seader, S. E., Searle, A. C., Sears, B., Seifert, F., Sellers, D., Sengupta, A. S., Shawhan, P., Sheard, B., Shoemaker, D. H., Sibley, A., Siemens, X., Sigg, D., Sintes, A. M., Slagmolen, B., Slutsky, J., Smith, J., Smith, M. R., Sneddon, P., Somiya, K., Speake, C., Spjeld, O., Strain, K.A., Strom, D.M., Stuver, A., Summerscales, T., Sun, K., Sung, M., Sutton, P. J., Tanner, D. B., Tarallo, M., Taylor, R., Taylor, R., Thacker, J., Thorne, K. A., Thorne, K. S., Thuring, A., Tokmakov, K., Torres, C., Torrie, C., Traylor, G., Trias, M., Tyler, W., Ugolini, D., Ungarelli, C., Vahlbruch, H., Vallisneri, M., Varvella, M., Vass, S., Vecchio, A., Veitch, J., Veitch, P., Vigeland, S., Villar, A., Vorvick, C., Vyachanin, S. P., Waldman, S. J., Wallace, L., Ward, H., Ward, R., Watts, K., Webber, D., Weidner, A., Weinstein, A., Weiss, R., Wen, S., Wette, K., Whelan, J. T., Whitbeck, D. M., Whitcomb, S. E., Whiting, B. F., Wilkinson, C., Willems, P. A., Willke, B., Wilmut, I., Winkler, W., Wipf, C. C., Wise, S., Wiseman, A. G., Woan, G., Woods, D., Wooley, R., Worden, J., Wu, W., Yakushin, I., Yamamoto, H., Yan, Z., Yoshida, S., Yunes, N., Zanolin, M., Zhang, L., Zhao, C., Zotov, N., Zucker, M., zur Muhlen, H., and Zweizig, J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Astrophysical Journal
ISSN:0004-637X
ISSN (Online):1538-4357

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