Combining motility and bioluminescent signalling aids mate finding in deep-sea fish: a simulation study

Ruxton, G. D. and Bailey, D. M. (2005) Combining motility and bioluminescent signalling aids mate finding in deep-sea fish: a simulation study. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 293, pp. 253-262. (doi:10.3354/meps293253)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps293253

Abstract

We present a model to estimate the mean time required for mate finding among deep-sea fish as a function of motility and the extent of bioluminescent signalling. This model differs from those of previous works in 3 important ways by including (1) sex differences in motility, (2) a maximum detection range of bioluminescent signals derived from a recently published mechanistic model based on physical principles and the physiology of vision, and (3) a novel consideration of the likelihood of individuals passing within detection range only in the interval between flashes and hence, failing to detect the signaller. We argue that the flash rates required for effective detection are low, with rates of less than 1 per minute being entirely plausible, and that predation pressure may further encourage low flash rates. Further, even at high flash frequencies, the energetic cost of bioluminescent signalling is argued to be a trivial fraction of resting metabolic rates. Using empirically derived estimates for parameter values, we estimate that a female will be detected and reached by a male within 2 to 4 h of beginning to signal. Hence, we argue that mate finding may not seriously restrict reproductive success in species that can exploit this signalling system. We further argue that where male motility allows bioluminescent signalling, this may have some advantages over chemical-based signalling. Bioluminescent signalling may, therefore, be more important to mate finding in the deep sea (relative to chemical signals) than some previous works have suggested.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:bioluminescence; mating; predation; mid-water fish; olfaction
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ruxton, Professor Graeme and Bailey, Dr David
Authors: Ruxton, G. D., and Bailey, D. M.
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QL Zoology
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Marine Ecology Progress Series
ISSN:0171-8630
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2005 Inter-Research
First Published:First published in Marine Ecology - Progress Series 293:253-262
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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