Implications for the origin of GRB 070201 from LIGO observations

Abbott, B. et al. (2008) Implications for the origin of GRB 070201 from LIGO observations. Astrophysical Journal, 681, pp. 1419-1430. (doi:10.1086/587954)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/587954

Abstract

We analyzed the available LIGO data coincident with GRB 070201, a short-duration, hard-spectrum γ-ray burst (GRB) whose electromagnetically determined sky position is coincident with the spiral arms of the Andromeda galaxy (M31). Possible progenitors of such short, hard GRBs include mergers of neutron stars or a neutron star and a black hole, or soft γ-ray repeater (SGR) flares. These events can be accompanied by gravitational-wave emission. No plausible gravitational-wave candidates were found within a 180 s long window around the time of GRB 070201. This result implies that a compact binary progenitor of GRB 070201, with masses in the range, M☉ < m1 < 3 M☉ and 1 M☉ < m2 < 40 M☉, located in M31 is excluded at >99% confidence. If the GRB 070201 progenitor was not in M31, then we can exclude a binary neutron star merger progenitor with distance D < 3.5 Mpc, assuming random inclination, at 90% confidence. The result also implies that an unmodeled gravitational-wave burst from GRB 070201 most probably emitted less than 4.4×10-4 Mc2(7.9×1050ergs) in any 100 ms long period within the signal region if the source was in M31 and radiated isotropically at the same frequency as LIGO's peak sensitivity (f≈Hz). This upper limit does not exclude current models of SGRs at the M31 distance.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Gamma rays: bursts—gravitational waves—methods: data analysis.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Heptonstall, Dr Alastair and Grant, Mr Alastair and Cagnoli, Dr Gianpietro and Cantley, Dr Caroline and Rowan, Professor Sheila and Messenger, Dr Christopher and Bogenstahl, Miss Johanna and Barr, Dr Bryan and Cumming, Dr Alan and Veitch, Dr John and Plissi, Dr Michael and Woan, Professor Graham and Crooks, Dr David and Heng, Professor Ik Siong and Hough, Professor James and Ward, Dr Henry and Newton, Dr Gavin and Torrie, Dr Calum and Huttner, Dr Sabina and Strain, Professor Kenneth and Jones, Mr Russell and Pitkin, Dr Matthew and Barton, Dr Mark
Authors: Abbott, B., Abbott, R., Adhikari, R., Agresti, J., Ajith, P., Allen, B., Amin, R., Anderson, S.B., Anderson, W.G., Arain, M., Araya, M., Armandula, H., Ashley, M., Aston, S., Aufmuth, P., Aulbert, C., Babak, S., Ballmer, S., Bantilan, H., Barish, B.C., Barker, C., Barker, D., Barr, B., Barriga, P., Barton, M.A., Bayer, K., Betzwieser, J., Beyersdorf, P.T., Bhawal, B., Bilenko, I.A., Billingsley, G., Biswas, R., Black, E., Blackburn, K., Blackburn, L., Blair, D., Bland, B., Bogenstahl, J., Bogue, L., Bork, R., Boschi, V., Bose, S., Brady, P.R., Braginsky, V.B., Brau, J.E., Brinkmann, M., Brooks, A., Brown, D.A., Bullington, A., Bunkowski, A., Buonanno, A., Burmeister, O., Busby, D., Byer, R.L., Cadonati, L., Cagnoli, G., Camp, J.B., Cannizzo, J., Cannon, K., Cantley, C., Cao, J., Cardenas, L., Castaldi, G., Cepeda, C., Chalkley, E., Charlton, P., Chatterji, S., Chelkowski, S., Chen, Y., Chiadini, F., Christensen, N., Clark, J., Cochrane, P., Cokelaer, T., Coldwell, R., Conte, R., Cook, D., Corbitt, T., Coyne, D., Creighton, J.D.E., Croce, R.P., Crooks, D.R.M., Cruise, A.M., Cumming, A., Dalrymple, J., D'Ambrosio, E., Danzmann, K., Davies, G., DeBra, D., Degallaix, J., Degree, M., Demma, T., Dergachev, V., Desai, S., DeSalvo, R., Dhurandhar, S., Diaz, M., Dickson, J., Di Credico, A., Diederichs, G., Dietz, A., Doomes, E.E., Drever, R.W.P., Dumas, J.-C., Dupuis, R.J., Dwyer, J.G., Ehrens, P., Espinoza, E., Etzel, T., Evans, M., Evans, T., Fairhurst, S., Fan, Y., Fazi, D., Fejer, M.M., Finn, L.S., Fiumara, V., Fotopoulos, N., Franzen, A., Franzen, K.Y., Freise, A., Frey, R., Fricke, T., Fritschel, P., Frolov, V.V., Fyffe, M., Galdi, V., Garofoli, J., Gholami, I., Giame, J.A., Giampanis, S., Giardina, K.D., Goda, K., Goetz, E., Goggin, L.M., González, G., Gossler, S., Grant, A., Gras, S., Gray, C., Gray, M., Greenhalgh, J., Gretarsson, A.M., Grosso, R., Grote, H., Grunewald, S., Guenther, M., Gustafson, R., Hage, B., Hammer, D., Hanna, C., Hanson, J., Harms, J., Harry, G., Harstad, E., Hayler, T., Heefner, J., Heng, I.S., Heptonstall, A., Heurs, M., Hewitson, M., Hild, S., Hirose, E., Hoak, D., Hosken, D., Hough, J., Hoyland, D., Huttner, S.H., Ingram, D., Innerhofer, E., Ito, M., Itoh, Y., Ivanov, A., Johnson, B., Johnson, W.W., Jones, D.I., Jones, G., Jones, R., Ju, L., Kalmus, P., Kalogera, V., Kasprzyk, D., Katsavounidis, E., Kawabe, K., Kawamura, S., Kawazoe, F., Kells, W., Keppel, D.G., Khalili, F.Y., Kim, C., King, P., Kissel, J.S., Kilimenko, S., Kokeyama, K., Kondrashov, V., Kopparapu, R.K., Kozak, D., Krishnan, B., Kwee, P., Lam, P.K., Landry, M., Lantz, B., Lazzarini, A., Lei, M., Leiner, J., Leonhardt, V., Leonor, I., Librecht, K., Lindquist, P., Lockerbie, N.A., Longo, M., Lormand, M., Lubinski, M., Lück, H., Madenschalk, B., MacInnis, M., Mageswaran, M., Mailand, K., Malec, M., Mandic, V., Marano, S., Márka, S., Markowitz, J., Maros, E., Martin, I., Marx, J.N., Mason, K., Matone, L., Matta, V., Mavalvala, N., McCarthy, R., McClelland, D.E., McGuire, S.C., McHugh, M., McKenzie, K., McWilliams, S., Meier, T., Melissinos, A., Mendell, G., Mercer, R.A., Meshkov, S., Messenger, C.J., Meyers, D., Mikhailov, E.,, Mitra, S., Mitrofanov, V.P., Mitselmakher, G., Mittleman, R., Miyakawa, O., Mohanty, S., Moreno, G., Mossavi, K., MowLowry, C., Moylan, A., Mudge, D., Mueller, G., Mukherjee, S., Müller-Ebhardt, H., Munch, J., Murray, P., Myers, E., Myers, J., Nash, T., Newton, G., Nishizawa, A., Numata, K., O'Reilly, B., O'Shaughnessy, R., Ottaway, D.J., Overmier, H., Owen, B.J., Pan, Y., Papa, M.A., Parameshwaraiah, V., Patel, P., Pedraza, M., Penn, S., Pierro, V., Pinto, I.M., Pitkin, M., Pletsch, H., Plissi, M.V., Postiglione, F., Prix, R., Quetschke, V., Raab, F., Rabeling, D., Radkins, H., Rahkola, R., Rainer, N., Rakhmanov, M., Ramsunder, M., Ray-Majumder, S., Re, V., Rehbein, H., Reid, S., Reitze, D.H., Ribichini, L., Riesen, R., Riles, K., Rivera, B., Roberson, N.A., Robinson, C., Robinson, E.L., Roddy, S., Rodriguez, A., Rogan, A.M., Rollins, J., Romano, J.D., Romie, J., Route, R., Rowan, S., Rüdiger, A., Ruet, L., Russell, P., Ryan, K., Sakata, S., Samidi, M., Sancho de la Jordana, L., Sandberg, V., Sannibale, V., Saraf, S., Sarin, P., Sathyaprakash, B.S., Sato, S., Saulson, P.R., Savage, R., Savov, P., Schediwy, S., Schilling, R., Schnabel, R., Schofield, R., Schutz, B.F., Schweinberg, P., Scott, S.M., Searle, A.C., Sears, B., Seifert, F., Sellers, D., Sengupta, A.S., Shawhan, P., Shoemaker, D.H., Sibley, A., Siemens, X., Sigg, D., Sinha, S., Sintes, A.M., Slagmolen, B.J.J., Slutsky, J., Smith, J.R., Smith, M.R., Somiya, K., Strain, K.A., Storm, D.M., Stuver, A., Summerscales, T.Z., Sun, K.-X., Sung, M., Sutton, P.J., Takahashi, H., Tanner, D.B., Taylor, R., Taylor, R., Thacker, J., Thorne, K.A., Thorne, K.S., Thüring, A., Tomakov, K., Torres, C., Torrie, C., Traylor, G., Trias, M., Tyler, W., Ugolini, D., Urbanek, K., Valbruch, H., Vallisneri, M., Van Den Broeck, C., Varvella, M., Vass, S., Vecchio, A., Veitch, J., Villar, A., Vorvick, C., Vyachanin, S.P., Waldman, S.J., Wallace, L., Ward, H., Ward, R., Watts, K., Weidner, A., Weinert, M., Weinstein, A., Weiss, R., Wen, S., Wette, K., Whelan, J.T., Whitcomb, S.E., Whiting, B.F., Wilkinson, C., Willems, P.A., Williams, L., Willke, B., Wilmut, I., Winkler, W., Wipf, C.C., Wise, S., Wiseman, A.G., Woan, G., Woods, D., Wooley, R., Worden, J., Wu, W., Yakushin, I., Yamamoto, H., Yan, Z., Yoshida, S., Yunes, N., Zanolin, M., Zhang, J., Zhang, L., Zhao, C., Zotov, N., Zucker, M., zur Mühlen, H., Zweizig, J., and Hurley, K.C.
Subjects:Q Science > QB Astronomy
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Astrophysical Journal
ISSN:0004-637X

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
459312Investigations in Gravitational Radiation.Sheila RowanScience & Technologies Facilities Council (STFC)ST/I001085/1Physics and Astronomy