A radial mode ultrasonic horn for the inactivation of Escherichia coli K12

Hunter, G., Lucas, M., Watson, I. and Parton, R. (2008) A radial mode ultrasonic horn for the inactivation of Escherichia coli K12. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 15(2), pp. 101-109. (doi: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2006.12.017)

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Abstract

Tuned cylindrical radial mode ultrasonic horns offer advantages over ultrasonic probes in the design of flow-through devices for bacterial inactivation. This study presents a comparison of the effectiveness of a radial horn and probe in the inactivation of Escherichia coli K12. The radial horn is designed using finite element analysis and the predicted modal parameters are validated using experimental modal analysis. A validated finite element model of the probe is also presented. Visual studies of the cavitation fields produced by the radial horn and probe are carried out using luminol and also backlighting to demonstrate the advantages of radial horns in producing a more focused cavitation field with widely dispersed streamers. Microbiological studies show that, for the same power density, better inactivation of E. coli K12 is achieved using the radial horn and, also, the radial horn offers greater achievable power density resulting in further improvements in bacterial inactivation. The radial horn is shown to be more effective than the probe device and offers opportunities to design in-line flow-through devices for processing applications.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Cavitation; Bacterial inactivation; Radial horn; Ultrasonics; <i>E. coli</i>
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Watson, Dr Ian and Parton, Dr Roger and Lucas, Professor Margaret
Authors: Hunter, G., Lucas, M., Watson, I., and Parton, R.
Subjects:Q Science > QR Microbiology
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1350-4177
ISSN (Online):1873-2828
Published Online:06 February 2008
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2008 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Ultrasonics Sonochemistry 15(2):101-109
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

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