Allostery at G protein-coupled receptor Homo- and Heteromers: uncharted pharmacological landscapes

Smith, N. J. and Milligan, G. (2010) Allostery at G protein-coupled receptor Homo- and Heteromers: uncharted pharmacological landscapes. Pharmacological Reviews, 62(4), pp. 701-725. (doi: 10.1124/pr.110.002667) (PMID:21079041) (PMCID:PMC2993260)

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For many years seven transmembrane domain G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) were thought to exist and function exclusively as monomeric units. However, evidence both from native cells and heterologous expression systems has demonstrated that GPCRs can both traffic and signal within higher-order complexes. As for other protein-protein interactions, conformational changes in one polypeptide, including those resulting from binding of pharmacological ligands, have the capacity to alter the conformation and therefore the response of the interacting protein(s), a process known as allosterism. For GPCRs, allosterism across homo- or heteromers, whether dimers or higher-order oligomers, represents an additional topographical landscape that must now be considered pharmacologically. Such effects may offer the opportunity for novel therapeutic approaches. Allosterism at GPCR heteromers is particularly exciting in that it offers additional scope to provide receptor subtype selectivity and tissue specificity as well as fine-tuning of receptor signal strength. Herein, we introduce the concept of allosterism at both GPCR homomers and heteromers and discuss the various questions that must be addressed before significant advances can be made in drug discovery at these GPCR complexes

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Milligan, Professor Graeme and Smith, Dr Nicola
Authors: Smith, N. J., and Milligan, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Journal Name:Pharmacological Reviews
Publisher:American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
ISSN (Online):1521-0081
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