Joint action, interactive alignment and dialogue

Garrod, S. and Pickering, M.J. (2009) Joint action, interactive alignment and dialogue. Topics in Cognitive Science, 1(2), pp. 292-304. (doi:10.1111/j.1756-8765.2009.01020.x)

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Abstract

Dialog is a joint action at different levels. At the highest level, the goal of interlocutors is to align their mental representations. This emerges from joint activity at lower levels, both concerned with linguistic decisions (e.g., choice of words) and nonlinguistic processes (e.g., alignment of posture or speech rate). Because of the high-level goal, the interlocutors are particularly concerned with close coupling at these lower levels. As we illustrate with examples, this means that imitation and entrainment are particularly pronounced during interactive communication. We then argue that the mechanisms underlying such processes involve covert imitation of interlocutors’ communicative behavior, leading to emulation of their expected behavior. In other words, communication provides a very good example of predictive emulation, in a way that leads to successful joint activity.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Garrod, Professor Simon
Authors: Garrod, S., and Pickering, M.J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Topics in Cognitive Science
ISSN:1756-8757
ISSN (Online):1756-8765
Published Online:13 April 2009

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
449881Social interaction - a cognitive-neurosciences approachSimon GarrodEconomic & Social Research Council (ESRC)RES-060-25-0010Cognitive Neuroimaging & Neuroengineering Technologies
442672Mechanisms of learning, alignment and routinization in dialogueSimon GarrodEconomic & Social Research Council (ESRC)RES-062-23-0376Cognitive Neuroimaging & Neuroengineering Technologies