The Effect of Menopause on Carotid Artery Remodeling, Insulin Sensitivity, and Plasma Adiponectin in Healthy Women

Muscelli, E., Kozàkovà, M., Flyvbjerg, A., Kyriakopoulou, K., Astiarraga, B. D., Glintborg, D., Konrad, T., Favuzzi, A. and Petrie, J. (2009) The Effect of Menopause on Carotid Artery Remodeling, Insulin Sensitivity, and Plasma Adiponectin in Healthy Women. American Journal of Hypertension, 22(4), pp. 364-370. (doi:10.1038/ajh.2009.16)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ajh.2009.16

Abstract

BACKGROUND The mechanisms by which menopause may influence the systemic subclinical atherosclerosis are unexplained. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the associations between early menopause, established cardiovascular (c-v) risk factors, metabolic parameters (insulin secretion and sensitivity, plasma adiponectin), and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in healthy women. METHODS In 74 menopausal women (mean age = 51 +/- 3 years, mean duration of menopause = 2.9 +/- 1.2 years) and in 74 nonmenopausal women comparable for age and body mass index (BMI), common carotid artery (CCA) luminal diameter, and IMT in different carotid segments were measured in digitized ultrasound images. Insulin sensitivity and secretion were assessed using the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp technique and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Insulin secretion was reconstructed by mathematical modeling. RESULTS CCA diameter (5.55 +/- 0.46 vs. 5.21 +/- 0.51 mm, P less than 0.001), CCA IMT (608 +/- 78 vs. 576 +/- 74 mu m, P less than 0.01) and systolic blood pressure (BP) 0 17 +/- 12 vs. 113 +/- 11 mm Hg, P less than 0.05) were higher in menopausal women, whereas CCA IMT/diameter ratio and IMT in other carotid segments did not differ between the groups. By multivariate models, independent predictors of CCA diameter were menopause and body weight (cumulative R-2 = 0.37) and independent correlates of CCA IMT were luminal diameter, systolic BP and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (cumulative R-2 = 0.48). Fasting insulin, insulin secretion, and sensitivity and plasma adiponectin were similar in the two groups and were not related to carotid IMT. CONCLUSIONS Early menopause is associated with CCA remodeling, characterized by a proportional increase in luminal diameter and wall thickness, independent of atherosclerotic risk factors and metabolic variables.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Petrie, Professor John
Authors: Muscelli, E., Kozàkovà, M., Flyvbjerg, A., Kyriakopoulou, K., Astiarraga, B. D., Glintborg, D., Konrad, T., Favuzzi, A., and Petrie, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Journal Name:American Journal of Hypertension
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0895-7061
Published Online:12 February 2009

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