Functional differentiation of macaque visual temporal cortical neurons using a parametric action space

Vangeneugden, J., Pollick, F. and Vogels, R. (2009) Functional differentiation of macaque visual temporal cortical neurons using a parametric action space. Cerebral Cortex, 19(3), pp. 593-611. (doi:10.1093/cercor/bhn109)

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Abstract

Neurons in the rostral superior temporal sulcus (STS) are responsive to displays of body movements. We employed a parametric action space to determine how similarities among actions are represented by visual temporal neurons and how form and motion information contributes to their responses. The stimulus space consisted of a stick-plus-point-light figure performing arm actions and their blends. Multidimensional scaling showed that the responses of temporal neurons represented the ordinal similarity between these actions. Further tests distinguished neurons responding equally strongly to static presentations and to actions (“snapshot” neurons), from those responding much less strongly to static presentations, but responding well when motion was present (“motion” neurons). The “motion” neurons were predominantly found in the upper bank/fundus of the STS, and “snapshot” neurons in the lower bank of the STS and inferior temporal convexity. Most “motion” neurons showed strong response modulation during the course of an action, thus responding to action kinematics. “Motion” neurons displayed a greater average selectivity for these simple arm actions than did “snapshot” neurons. We suggest that the “motion” neurons code for visual kinematics, whereas the “snapshot” neurons code for form/posture, and that both can contribute to action recognition, in agreement with computation models of action recognition.

Item Type:Articles (Other)
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pollick, Professor Frank
Authors: Vangeneugden, J., Pollick, F., and Vogels, R.
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
Journal Name:Cerebral Cortex
ISSN:1047-3211
ISSN (Online):1460-2199
Published Online:16 July 2008

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