The tungsten mineralisation at Nyakabingo and Gifurwe (Rwanda): preliminary results

de Clercq, F., Muchez, P., Dewaele, S. and Boyce, A. (2008) The tungsten mineralisation at Nyakabingo and Gifurwe (Rwanda): preliminary results. Geologica Belgica, 11(3-4), pp. 251-258.

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The Kibara belt in Central Africa hosts numerous important deposits of Sn, Nb, Ta and W. These mineral deposits mainly occur in pegmatites and hydrothermal quartz veins. A petrographical and stable isotope study has been carried out on two main tungsten deposits of Rwanda, namely at Nyakabingo and Gifurwe. These tungsten deposits are present in the central part of Rwanda and occur as mineralised quartz veins that are hosted by graphite-rich black shales. Wolframite minerals formed after the precipitation of the main quartz vein. The mineralising fluids have a H<sub>2</sub>O–CO<sub>2</sub>–CH<sub>4</sub>M–N<sub>2</sub>–NaCl composition, a moderate salinity (7.4-9.9 eq. wt. % NaCl) and a minimum temperature of 300°C. The isotopic composition of the fluids indicates that the mineralised quartz veins most likely formed from a fluid largely influenced by metamorphic processes. The wolframite minerals precipitated due to interaction of the fluid with graphite-rich black shales. The origin of the tungsten is still a matter of discussion. Whether the mineralising fluid was originally a metamorphic or a magmatic fluid is still unknown.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Boyce, Professor Adrian
Authors: de Clercq, F., Muchez, P., Dewaele, S., and Boyce, A.
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Geologica Belgica
Published Online:01 January 2008

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