Neighbourhood attachment in deprived areas: evidence from the north of England

Livingston, M., Bailey, N. and Kearns, A. (2010) Neighbourhood attachment in deprived areas: evidence from the north of England. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 25(4), pp. 409-427. (doi:10.1007/s10901-010-9196-3)

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Abstract

Those living in deprived areas may have a greater reliance on the neighbourhood as a setting for social activity. However, the reduced quality of deprived neighbourhoods may make attachment in such places less likely. Other factors, like high turnover and social mix, may also act to reduce an individual’s attachment in these neighbourhoods. Using qualitative methods, this study examines both emotional and functional attachment to deprived neighbourhoods, specifically considering the impact of high turnover and of social mix. Social mix is broadly defined, including but not limited to ethnic and tenure mix. Many respondents reported strong emotional attachments to their communities, with the presence of strong social networks and a sense of security the most important contributing factors. Functional attachments and attachments to the physical environment were weak or absent. High turnover in deprived areas was found to reduce place attachment by undermining social networks, lowering social interaction, and eroding trust and feelings of security. There was little evidence that social mix in any dimension reduced attachment significantly. However, high residential turnover and a rapidly changing (ethnic) mix in one area had led to increased anxieties and reduced attachments. The research shows that rather than systemic factors being dominant, place attachment in deprived areas is very context dependent (e.g. in terms of where the neighbourhood is located in relation to others). For an individual, also experiential, historical and personal factors are strong determinants of attachment.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Bailey, Professor Nick and Livingston, Dr Mark and Kearns, Professor Ade
Authors: Livingston, M., Bailey, N., and Kearns, A.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:Journal of Housing and the Built Environment
ISSN:1566-4910
ISSN (Online):1573-7772
Published Online:01 October 2010
Copyright Holders:Springer

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
432701Place attachment, neighbourhood instability and social mixMark LivingstonJoseph Rowntree Foundation (ROWNTREE)804482Urban Studies