Undernutrition in British Haredi infants within the Gateshead Millennium Cohort Study

Wright, C. , Stone, D. and Parkinson, K.N. (2010) Undernutrition in British Haredi infants within the Gateshead Millennium Cohort Study. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 95(8), pp. 630-633. (doi: 10.1136/adc.2009.172346)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/adc.2009.172346


<p><b>Objective</b> During a study of weight faltering it was observed that infants from a minority Haredi (ultra-Orthodox Jewish) religious group showed very different growth patterns from the rest of the cohort. The authors thus set out to explore the characteristics of the community that may explain these differences.</p> <p><b>Setting and subjects</b> Gateshead Millennium Study cohort, UK.</p> <p><b>Design</b> Prospective population-based cohort study of 961 term infants (of whom 33 were from the Haredi community) recruited shortly after birth and followed by postal questionnaires and measurement at age 13 months.</p> <p><b>Results</b> At birth Haredi children had similar weights to the rest of the cohort, but by the age of a year the Haredi babies were significantly lighter (mean difference −1.06; p<0.001) and shorter even after allowing for parental heights (length z score mean difference –0.5; p=0.02). They were much more likely to have had weight faltering at some point: Haredi 48%, remainder 11%; RR=4.36; p<0.001. The Haredi families were much larger (54% had 5–12 siblings) were breast fed for longer (67% >4 months vs 15% of remainder; p<0.01) and started solids later (mean difference (CI) 7.5 (5.3 to 9.8) weeks; p<0.001) and these factors largely explained the differences in weight gain.</p> <p><b>Conclusions</b> The extreme growth patterns seen in these children seem to relate to large family size and delayed and inadequate introduction of complementary solids, which are known risk factors for malnutrition in less affluent societies.</p>

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wright, Professor Charlotte and Stone, Professor David
Authors: Wright, C., Stone, D., and Parkinson, K.N.
Subjects:R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Clinical Specialities
Journal Name:Archives of Disease in Childhood
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN (Online):1468-2044
Published Online:01 June 2010

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