'The Masons' candidate': New Welcome Lodge No. 5139 and the Parliamentary Labour Party

Hamill, J. and Prescott, A. (2006) 'The Masons' candidate': New Welcome Lodge No. 5139 and the Parliamentary Labour Party. Labour History Review, 71(1), pp. 9-41. (doi:10.1179/174581806X103862)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/174581806X103862

Abstract

The claim made by Herbert Morrison and Hugh Dalton that Morrison was denied the leadership of the Labour Party in the 1935 election by the votes of Labour MPs who were members of a masonic lodge to which Arthur Greenwood belonged has been repeated by several historians, but without considering the character of the lodge. This article is a detailed examination of the genesis, membership and activities of the lodge in question, New Welcome No. 5139, consecrated in 1929. The documentation relating to the establishment of the lodge claimed that its purpose was to make Freemasonry more accessible to the working classes, but the pattern of lodge membership suggests that it was intended from the start as a 'class lodge' for Labour MPs and officials which would assist relations between the new Labour government and Freemasonry. Following the formation of the National Government, the lodge's character changed, and membership eventually became open to all men associated with the Palace of Westminster. It is argued that New Welcome Lodge had little impact on the 1935 leadership election. It is shown that the claim made by the anti-masonic writers Stephen Knight and Martin Short that Clement Attlee was a freemason misconstrues Dalton's memoirs; no evidence that Attlee was a freemason has ever been found.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Freemasonry Labour History
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Prescott, Professor Andrew
Authors: Hamill, J., and Prescott, A.
College/School:College of Arts > School of Humanities > Information Studies
Journal Name:Labour History Review
Publisher:Maney Publishing
ISSN:0961-5652
ISSN (Online):1745-8188
Copyright Holders:Society for the Study of Labour History

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